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Cosmos - Government and Military Satellites


Tyneside, UK
2024 Jul 24
Wednesday, Day 206

Curated by:




















Soviet spacewatching from the very start
Launches In Date Order from 2008


This list covers the same period as the main year-based listings.

2008-025
Rockot
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2008 May 23, 15:20
Yubileiny (RS-30)
2008-025A
32953
in space
Small satellite flight testing a magneto-gravitational attitude and orbit control subsystem for use on future Strela, Rodnik and Gonets satellites. Also testing new Earth and Sun trackers, improved GaAs solar cells and radiation-resistant nanocoatings. Carries an amateur radio package. Dedicated to the 50th anniversary of Sputnik.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2008 May 25, 03:3478720.001714801508115.8582.50307
Cosmos 2437 (Strela-3)
2008-025B
32954
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2008 May 25, 15:0978740.001914801510115.8882.50317
Cosmos 2438 (Strela-3)
2008-025C
32955
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2008 May 24, 17:5378710.002014771508115.8382.50306
Cosmos 2439 (Strela-3)
2008-025D
32956
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2008 May 24, 17:5478720.001914791509115.8582.50312


2008-033
Proton-K + Blok DM-2
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2008 Jun 26, 23:59
Cosmos 2440 (Oko, US-KMO №7)
2008-033A
33108
in space
Second generation missile detection and early warning satellite in geosynchronous orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2008 Jun 27, 08:18422880.002235817360021442.382.4025790° east
2008 Jul 06, 15:06422110.000735802358631438.462.2927981° east
2008 Jul 12, 00:19421600.000535761358021435.842.2810479° east
2023 Feb 12, 13:20421660.000435771358051436.178.2517470° east


2008-037
Soyuz-2 1B
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2008 Jul 26, 18:31
Cosmos 2441 (Persona 14F137 № 1)
2008-037A
33272
in space
New generation imaging reconnaissance satellite operated by the GRU (Russian Military Intelligence Directorate) with projected operational lifetime seven years. Reported to have ceased operation 2009 February because of an electronics failure caused by sub-standard components..

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2008 Jul 27, 02:2568510.039820074694.0698.317810:24
2008 Jul 28, 14:4268500.039320374194.0498.327310:25
2008 Jul 31, 16:5171100.002071874599.4398.3036010:27
2008 Aug 01, 13:3671010.001271573299.2698.3131210:27
2023 Feb 13, 07:3370970.001770773199.1798.1813102:06


2008-046
Proton-M + Blok DM2
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2008 Sep 25, 08:49
Cosmos 2442 (Uragan-M № 724)
2008-046A
33378
in space
Navigation satellite working as part of the GLONASS positioning system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2008 Sep 26, 19:12254950.00101909219141675.2064.79192
2008 Oct 08, 15:04254110.00431892519142671.9064.79280
2008 Oct 16, 17:13255080.00291905619204675.7364.79339
Cosmos 2443 (Uragan-M № 725)
2008-046B
33379
in space
Navigation satellite working as part of the GLONASS positioning system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2008 Sep 26, 14:24255180.00021913419145676.1164.82101
2008 Oct 03, 14:24256220.00381914619342680.2664.8085
2008 Oct 19, 06:05255710.00191914419242678.2364.79104
2008 Oct 23, 13:41255080.00211907619184675.7364.80178
Cosmos 2444 (Uragan-M № 726)
2008-046C
33380
in space
Navigation satellite working as part of the GLONASS positioning system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2008 Sep 26, 02:24255170.00011913619141676.0764.82272
2008 Oct 06, 12:38256230.00391914519345680.3164.8144
2008 Oct 27, 14:20255790.00361910919292678.5564.8019
2008 Nov 03, 16:56255080.00301905419206675.7364.80333


2008-058
Soyuz-U 11A511U
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2008 Nov 14, 15:50
Cosmos 2445 (Yantar 4K2M 11Ф695M, Kobalt-M)
2008-058A
33439
Re-entered - 2009 Feb 23
Life 101 days
Military imaging reconnaissance satellite, sometimes referred to as 'Yantar', with manoeuvring engine to maintain its orbit. Re-entered for landing in Russia 2009 Feb 23. Dropped off two containers of exposed film at intervals during the mission - probably mid-Dec and mid-Jan.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2008 Nov 14, 18:5466220.010817231589.3767.1785
2008 Nov 17, 09:4166410.012318134589.7667.1668


2008-062
Molniya-M 8K78M
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2008 Dec 2, 05:00
Cosmos 2446 (Oko, US-K №85)
2008-062A
33447
Re-entered - 2017 May 6
Life 3077 days
First generation missile detection and early warning satellite in Molniya-type highly eccentric orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2008 Dec 02, 16:53262350.736952439190704.8262.86287
2008 Dec 08, 18:00263070.732067339184707.7262.83287
2008 Dec 15, 13:32264330.733865839452712.8262.85287
2008 Dec 19, 15:50265600.735265539708717.9662.86287


2008-067
Proton-M + Blok DM
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2008 Dec 25, 10:43
Cosmos 2447 (Uragan-M № 727)
2008-067A
33466
in space
Navigation satellite working as part of the GLONASS positioning system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2008 Dec 26, 16:11255070.00041911919138675.7064.80258
2009 Jan 10, 16:51255080.00041912019140675.7364.80273
Cosmos 2449 (Uragan-M № 728)
2008-067B
33467
in space
Navigation satellite working as part of the GLONASS positioning system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2008 Dec 30, 09:52255060.00051911719140675.6764.80264
2009 Jan 05, 16:48253830.00491888019129670.7564.79237
2009 Jan 31, 17:24255080.00031912119139675.7364.78302
Cosmos 2448 (Uragan № 729)
2008-067C
33468
in space
Navigation satellite working as part of the GLONASS positioning system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2008 Dec 30, 18:35254340.00311897719134672.7964.79244
2008 Dec 31, 16:53254030.00421891919131671.5764.79235
2009 Jan 13, 19:13255080.00051911719143675.7364.80315


2009-022
Soyuz-U 11A511U
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2009 Apr 25, 16:58
Cosmos 2450 (Yantar 4K2M 11Ф695M, Kobalt-M)
2009-022A
34871
Re-entered - 2009 Jul 27
Life 93 days Returned to Earth
Military imaging reconnaissance satellite, sometimes referred to as 'Yantar', with manoeuvring engine to maintain its orbit. Re-entered for landing in Russia Jul 27. Dropped off two containers of exposed film at different points during the mission.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2009 Apr 29, 21:2566280.012416833289.5167.1483


2009-036
Rockot
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2009 Jul 6, 01:26
Cosmos 2451 (Strela-3)
2009-036A
35498
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2009 Jul 06, 14:3078810.000515001507116.0582.49346
Cosmos 2452 (Strela-3M/Rodnik №12)
2009-036B
35499
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2009 Jul 07, 19:3178800.000614981506116.0382.49324
Cosmos 2453 (Strela-3)
2009-036C
35500
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2009 Jul 06, 14:3078790.000514971505116.0082.49309


2009-039
Cosmos-U 11K65M
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2009 Jul 21, 03:57
Cosmos 2454 (Parus)
2009-039A
35635
in space
Navigation satellite. Broadcasts navigational almanac for the active Parus constellation to allow Naval users (principally submarines) to track the satellites in order to use the onboard messaging store/dump system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2009 Jul 21, 20:5573090.0018918944103.6482.96279
Sterkh 1 (Sterkh № 11L)
2009-039B
35636
in space
Carried the COSPAS 11 package of search and rescue receivers similar to those aboard the Nadezhda satellites. It failed to align its solar panels on the Sun and ceased to operate when the batteries were depleted.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2009 Jul 21, 14:0073090.0018918944103.6482.96280


2009-063
Soyuz-U 11A511U
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2009 Nov 20, 10:44
Cosmos 2455 (Lotos-S № 1)
2009-063A
36095
in space
Electronic intelligence gathering - signals intelligence (SIGINT) satellite. Vehicle is based on the design of the Yantar satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2009 Nov 20, 20:3569300.050919990595.6967.1792
2009 Nov 26, 04:4272820.0002902906103.0767.17304


2009-070
Proton-M + Blok DM2
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2009 Dec 14, 10:38
Cosmos 2456 (Uragan-M № 730)
2009-070A
36111
in space
Navigation satellite working as part of the GLONASS positioning system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2009 Dec 16, 14:24255090.00021912519136675.7764.81107
2009 Dec 22, 07:49255830.00271913619274678.7064.8150
2009 Dec 24, 22:01256370.00491913219385680.8464.8050
2010 Jan 19, 13:52255080.00051911819142675.7464.79331
Cosmos 2457 (Uragan-M № 733)
2009-070B
36112
in space
Navigation satellite working as part of the GLONASS positioning system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2009 Dec 17, 14:32255080.00011912719133675.7464.79239
2009 Dec 21, 15:53254370.00291898619132672.9164.79224
2009 Dec 29, 03:47253750.00531886419130670.4764.79228
2010 Jan 14, 11:01255080.00131909719162675.7364.77145
Cosmos 2458 (Uragan-M № 734)
2009-070C
36113
in space
Navigation satellite working as part of the GLONASS positioning system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2009 Dec 17, 14:38255100.00021912719136675.8064.80108
2009 Dec 21, 01:16253830.00491888119129670.7964.83234
2010 Jan 03, 17:34255080.00021912419136675.7364.8032


2010-007
Proton-M + Blok DM2
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2010 Mar 1, 21:19
Cosmos 2459 (Uragan-M № 731)
2010-007A
36400
in space
Navigation satellite working as part of the GLONASS positioning system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2010 Mar 02, 11:41255050.00021912319132675.6364.77208
2010 Mar 08, 11:53253780.00481887719123670.5864.77290
2010 Mar 18, 12:11255080.00331904419215675.7164.77351
Cosmos 2461 (Uragan-M № 735)
2010-007B
36401
in space
Navigation satellite working as part of the GLONASS positioning system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2010 Mar 03, 03:43255100.00021912719138675.8364.7698
2010 Apr 01, 03:39255080.00041912119139675.7364.76101
Cosmos 2460 (Uragan-M № 732)
2010-007C
36402
in space
Navigation satellite working as part of the GLONASS positioning system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2010 Mar 03, 12:00255100.00001913119133675.8164.76197
2010 Mar 10, 15:37255040.00031911819133675.5664.75245
2010 Mar 19, 06:30255080.00021912519134675.7264.75232


2010-014
Soyuz-U 11A511U
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2010 Apr 16, 15:00
Cosmos 2462 (Yantar 4K2M 11Ф695M, Kobalt-M)
2010-014A
36511
Re-entered - 2010 Jul 21
Life 96 days Returned to Earth
Military imaging reconnaissance satellite, sometimes referred to as 'Yantar', with manoeuvring engine to maintain its orbit. Re-entered for landing in Russia Jul 21 around 09:10 UTC. Dropped off two containers of exposed film at different points, probably mid-April and mid-May, during the mission.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2010 Apr 16, 22:3066270.011916932789.4767.1790
2010 Apr 19, 08:5066500.014217736689.9467.1672


2010-017
Cosmos-U 11K65M
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2010 Apr 27, 01:05
Cosmos 2463 (Parus)
2010-017A
36519
in space
Navigation satellite. Broadcasts navigational almanac for the active Parus constellation to allow Naval users (principally submarines) to track the satellites in order to use the onboard messaging store/dump system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2010 Apr 27, 21:4573730.00359701021105.0182.96280


2010-041
Proton-M + Blok DM2
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2010 Sep 2, 00:53
Cosmos 2464 (Uragan-M № 736)
2010-041A
37137
in space
Navigation satellite working as part of the GLONASS positioning system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2010 Sep 03, 12:05255050.00031911919135675.6064.83131
2010 Sep 08, 16:05254300.00301897419129672.6264.84221
2010 Sep 11, 12:36253940.00441890419128671.2064.82223
2010 Oct 01, 19:01255080.00231907119189675.7364.83156
Cosmos 2465 (Uragan-M № 737)
2010-041B
37138
in space
Navigation satellite working as part of the GLONASS positioning system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2010 Sep 03, 15:41255050.00031911919134675.6064.84141
2010 Sep 10, 16:48256270.00511911819380680.4864.84103
2010 Sep 29, 00:37255080.00391902919230675.7364.85167
Cosmos 2466 (Uragan-M № 738)
2010-041C
37139
in space
Navigation satellite working as part of the GLONASS positioning system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2010 Sep 03, 15:30255050.00041911619138675.6264.83121
2010 Sep 12, 00:00253910.00341892619099671.0764.84270
2010 Sep 23, 19:29255080.00191908219178675.7364.8517


2010-043
Rockot + Briz-KM
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2010 Sep 8, 03:30
Gonets M (Gonets M-12)
2010-043A
37152
in space
Store and forward communications satellite for Russia's civil/commercial system. Launched as part of a triple payload. Identification is from amateur radio tracking. Spacetrack has this object tagged as one of the two Strela satellites from the launch.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2010 Sep 09, 23:3078790.000714961506116.0182.45321
Cosmos 2467 (Strela-3)
2010-043B
37153
in space
Military/government system store-dump communications satellite. Launched as part of a triple payload. Identification is from amateur radio tracking. Spacetrack has this object tagged tagged simply as Strela 3.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2010 Sep 09, 23:3178820.000714981510116.0782.45346
Cosmos 2468 (Strela-3M/Rodnik №13)
2010-043C
37154
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite. Identification as a Strela 3M is from amateur radio tracking.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2010 Sep 09, 23:3178810.000714971508116.0482.46333


2010-049
Molniya-M 8K78M
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2010 Sep 30, 17:01
Cosmos 2469 (Oko, US-K №86)
2010-049A
37170
Re-entered - 2022 Oct 15
Life 4398 days
First generation missile detection and early warning satellite in Molniya-type highly eccentric orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2010 Oct 02, 05:28262230.735555939131704.3362.79287
2010 Oct 21, 20:55265570.737459639762717.8462.81287


2011-005
Rockot + Briz-KM
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2011 Feb 1, 14:00
Cosmos 2470 (Geo-IK-2 № 11/Musson 2-1)
2011-005A
37362
Re-entered - 2013 Jul 15
Life 895 days
Geodetic satellite, based on the GLONASS-M chassis with equipment including radar altimeter, laser retro reflectors plus GLONASS and GPS receivers. Aimed at 1000 km circular orbit but circularisation burn of the Briz-KM did not occur. As a result, the satellite was unable to generate sufficient power from its solar cells. Mar 2, the satellite was declared as a loss and unable to conduct its intended mission. Later in 2011 Cosmos 2470's orbit allowed its batteries to charge sufficiently for it to start working and controllers were successful in sending commands but it was unable to fulfil any of its original duties. Re-entered 2013 Jul 15 around 14:27 UTC while southbound over China.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2011 Feb 02, 17:3970530.045235699398.2499.4595


2011-009
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2011 Feb 26, 03:07
Cosmos 2471 (Uragan-K1 № 11L)
2011-009A
37372
in space
Experimental navigation satellite. GLONASS-K is a new design and has a planned life of ten years. One of the major advancements is that it is unpressurised, leading to a reduction in the mass, allowing a single satellite to be Soyuz launched. GLONASS-K also carries radio receiving equipment for the COSPAS-SARSAT international search and rescue system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2011 Mar 01, 01:43258750.00841927919715690.3964.77137
2011 Mar 02, 13:23255190.00051912919153676.1664.77230
2011 Mar 25, 13:05255090.00061911719145675.7764.77259


2011-028
Soyuz-U 11A511U
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2011 Jun 27, 16:00
Cosmos 2472 (Yantar 4K2M 11Ф695M, Kobalt-M)
2011-028A
37726
Re-entered - 2011 Oct 24
Life 119 days Returned to Earth
Military imaging reconnaissance satellite, sometimes referred to as 'Yantar', with manoeuvring engine to maintain its orbit. At 19:17 UTC. After two complete circuits of the Earth, the satellite came under the control of a dedicated ground station network. The long wait may indicate difficulties in establishing communication. Descent vehicle re-entered and landed 2011 Oct 24 at around 20:00 UTC. Dropped off two containers of exposed film at different points during the mission.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2011 Jun 27, 20:3865960.004918625088.8581.3987
2011 Jun 29, 18:3066560.009121733990.0781.3996


2011-048
Proton-M + Briz-M
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2011 Sep 20, 22:47
Cosmos 2473 (Garpun №1)
2011-048A
37806
in space
Russian military digital communications satellite. Its purpose is to carry data between military satellites in LEO and ground receiving stations. Garpun replaces the older Potok series of satellites. It was released into transfer orbit from the Briz-M, after the latter had completed its mission, Sep 21 at 07:48 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2011 Sep 21, 13:10243730.721740435586631.1348.62360
2011 Sep 29, 17:12420210.000935605356801428.740.0834574° east
2011 Oct 03, 19:33421160.000735709357661433.580.0827879° east
2011 Oct 08, 16:49421640.000135781357921436.080.0924880° east
2023 Feb 12, 19:02421640.000135780357911436.062.45103177° west


2011-055
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2011 Oct 2, 20:15
Cosmos 2474 (Uragan-M № 742)
2011-055A
37829
in space
GLONASS-M navigation satellite to replace one of the trio lost in the launch failure of 2010 Dec 5. Launch delayed from Aug 25 (22:50 UTC) due to the Aug 24 Soyuz launcher mishap. Further delayed from Sep 25 for technical reasons, then delayed 24 hrs from Oct 1 by high winds at 7-10 km altitude near the launch site. Its arrival on orbit made the GLONASS constellation complete for the first time since 1996.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2011 Oct 02, 21:52255200.00061912619158676.2064.82209
2011 Oct 07, 16:10254410.00351897519151673.0664.80237
2011 Oct 09, 23:38254110.00471891419151671.8664.80235
2011 Oct 13, 18:47255060.00111910019156675.6764.81266
2011 Oct 18, 01:09255080.00101910419156675.7364.81268


2011-064
Proton-M + Briz-M
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2011 Nov 4, 20:11
Cosmos 2476 (Uragan-M № 744)
2011-064A
37867
in space
GLONASS-M navigation satellite. Cosmos designation subject to confirmation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2011 Nov 06, 17:47255540.00141914119211677.5764.78336
2011 Nov 10, 14:24254220.00491892019168672.3264.76251
2011 Nov 25, 12:01254630.00341899919172673.9664.77254
2011 Dec 01, 02:47255080.00191908019179675.7264.77254
Cosmos 2477 (Uragan-M № 745)
2011-064B
37868
in space
GLONASS-M navigation satellite. Cosmos designation subject to confirmation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2011 Nov 05, 20:29255490.00121914119201677.3764.79330
2011 Nov 10, 14:24256180.00321915719323680.1164.7838
2011 Dec 10, 18:11255080.00151909219168675.7364.77268
Cosmos 2475 (Uragan-M № 743)
2011-064C
37869
in space
GLONASS-M navigation satellite. Cosmos designation subject to confirmation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2011 Nov 07, 19:12255490.00121913919202677.3664.79329
2011 Nov 12, 18:44254760.00311901819178674.4764.79265
2011 Nov 25, 03:07254760.00311901819178674.4764.78265
2012 Feb 04, 08:07255080.00201908019180675.7464.76287


2011-071
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2011 Nov 28, 08:25
Cosmos 2478 (Uragan-M № 746)
2011-071A
37938
in space
GLONASS-M navigation satellite to replace one of the trio lost in the launch failure of 2010 Dec 5. After testing, it will be held as an on-orbit spare.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2011 Nov 29, 00:19255230.00071912719163676.3464.82287
2011 Dec 13, 03:40255080.00101910319156675.7364.81235


2012-012
Proton-K + Blok DM-2
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2012 Mar 30, 05:49
Cosmos 2479 (Oko, US-KMO №8)
2012-012A
38101
in space
Second generation missile detection and early warning satellite in geosynchronous orbit. Delayed from mid-February. Separated from the launch vehicle at 12:27 UTC. Final Oko satellite. The series is to replaced by the EKS satellite. Launch also reported to be the final one for both the Proton-K (debut 1967) and for the Block DM upper stage. First orbit listed is the transfer from LEO while the satellite and the Block DM stage were still joined together.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2012 Mar 30, 07:06244430.730122035911633.8749.28360
2012 Mar 30, 17:29422930.000435898359321442.672.2722390° east
2012 Apr 10, 03:30421780.002535696359041436.792.2628981° east
2023 Feb 12, 18:54421610.000435765358011435.916.01253157° east


2012-024
Soyuz-U 11A511U
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2012 May 17, 14:05
Cosmos 2480 (Yantar 4K2M 11Ф695M, Kobalt-M)
2012-024A
38335
Re-entered - 2012 Sep 24
Life 130 days Returned to Earth
Military imaging reconnaissance satellite, sometimes referred to as 'Yantar', with manoeuvring engine to maintain its orbit. Separated from launch vehicle at 14:13 UTC. Re-entered for landing in Russia 2012 Sep 24. Dropped off two containers of exposed film at different points during the mission.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2012 May 17, 15:2365990.005218725588.9281.3877


2012-041
Rockot + Briz-KM
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2012 Jul 28, 01:25
Cosmos 2481 (Strela-3M/Rodnik №14)
2012-041A
38733
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.. Released from the launch vehicle at 03:19 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2012 Aug 01, 11:2478750.001814831511115.9182.48312
Gonets M-13
2012-041B
38734
in space
Store and forward communications satellite for Russia's civil/commercial system, released from the launch vehicle at 03:19 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2012 Jul 30, 22:3978720.001814801508115.8682.48305
MiR (Yubileiny 2, RS-40)
2012-041C
38735
in space
Named after Mikhail Reshetnev, the founder of the company that bears his name. based on the same chassis is the Yubileiny satellite, it was built by students and research staff of the Siberian State Aerospace University. It carries space technology experiments relating to contoured heat pipes, new radio equipment and miniaturised components for satellite attitude and orientation control systems using magnetic torquing. Onboard also is a webcam and solar power experiments. Also carries the RS-40 amateur radio payload. Released from the launch vehicle at 03:20 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2012 Jul 30, 22:4078740.001614831509115.8982.48311
Gonets M-15
2012-041D
38736
in space
Store and forward communications satellite for Russia's civil/commercial system, released from the launch vehicle at 03:19 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2012 Jul 30, 22:4078740.001814811509115.8882.48310


2013-001
Rockot + Briz-KM
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2013 Jan 15, 16:24
Cosmos 2482 (Strela-3M/Rodnik №15)
2013-001A
39057
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite. Precise launch time - 16:24:59 UTC, released from the launch vehicle at 18:09 UTC. Later manoeuvred to operating orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2013 Jan 16, 03:3178680.001614771503115.7582.49283
2013 Aug 05, 20:3078730.002714731516115.8682.50189
Cosmos 2483 (Strela-3M/Rodnik №16)
2013-001B
39058
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite. Precise launch time - 16:24:59 UTC. A problem on release from the launch vehicle at 18:09 UTC prevented the satellite from becoming operational.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2013 Jan 16, 03:3178680.001514781502115.7682.50282
Cosmos 2484 (Strela-3M/Rodnik №17)
2013-001C
39059
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite. Precise launch time - 16:24:59 UTC, released from the launch vehicle at 18:09 UTC. Later manoeuvred to operating orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2013 Jan 16, 03:3178700.001514801504115.8182.50292
2013 Aug 06, 02:5378730.002414751514115.8682.50198


2013-019
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2013 Apr 26, 05:23
Cosmos 2485 (Uragan-M № 747)
2013-019A
39155
in space
GLONASS-M navigation satellite to fill a space in the constellation. Released from the Fregat stage of the launch vehicle at 08:55 UTC. Most earlier GLONASS satellites were launched as triplets using Proton in order to create the constellation itself.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2013 Apr 26, 08:14161310.589125019255339.8164.94240
2013 Apr 26, 11:22257120.00641916919499683.8764.7461
2013 Apr 29, 21:36255350.00071914019175676.8264.77302
2013 May 22, 05:09255080.00161908919171675.7464.77256


2013-028
Soyuz-2 1B
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2013 Jun 7, 18:37
Cosmos 2486 (Persona 14F137 № 2)
2013-028A
39177
in space
Second launch of new generation imaging reconnaissance satellite operated by the GRU (Russian Military Intelligence Directorate). Precise launch time 18:37:59 UTC. The projected operational lifetime is seven years.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2013 Jun 08, 05:4068120.036318768293.2698.317810:31
2013 Jun 11, 16:3771020.001371473399.2698.3030810:32
2023 Feb 13, 11:0570880.001070271798.9797.9121306:05


2013-032
Strela
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2013 Jun 27, 16:53
Cosmos 2487 (Condor-E № 1)
2013-032A
39194
Re-entered - 2022 Nov 29
Life 3442 days
Small satellite for military reconnaissance - on the balance of probabilities it is the radar imaging version of Condor-E. The launch was not openly acknowledged by Russia at the time, even though a number in the Cosmos series was assigned.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2013 Jun 28, 02:3468770.000349750194.6074.73287
2014 Mar 24, 03:5768650.000348548994.3574.74260
2014 Mar 26, 11:0368680.000148949094.4074.74239
2014 Dec 31, 19:5568670.000148848994.3874.73281
Strela Platform
2013-032B
39195
in space
Modified warhead carrier that provided Condor's final impetus to orbit and then released the satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2013 Jun 28, 05:5668760.000449550194.5874.73283


2013-076
Rockot + Briz-KM
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2013 Dec 25, 00:31
Cosmos 2488 (Strela-3M/Rodnik)
2013-076A
39483
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2013 Dec 25, 23:1378720.001914791509115.8582.48314
2014 Jan 22, 02:1478730.001914801509115.8682.49245
Cosmos 2489 (Strela-3M/Rodnik)
2013-076B
39484
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2014 Jan 09, 22:3778730.001814811510115.8882.49282
2014 Jan 18, 13:2178700.001914771507115.8082.50250
2014 Mar 17, 05:5078720.002414761513115.8682.49126
Cosmos 2490 (Strela-3M/Rodnik)
2013-076C
39485
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2013 Dec 25, 19:2278740.001814821511115.9082.49322
2014 Mar 15, 10:4578730.002314771512115.8682.48145
Cosmos 2491 (RS-46)
2013-076E
39497
in space
Small satellite with a military mission, also carries amateur radio payload RS-46. Existence came to light when Russia submitted formal registration of the launch to the United Nations. It was previously classed as "debris" by JSpOC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2013 Dec 31, 00:5878730.001714821508115.8882.49304


2013-078
Soyuz-2 1V + Volga
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2013 Dec 28, 12:30
Cosmos 2493 (SKRL-756 №1)
2013-078A
39490
in space
One of a pair of simultaneously-launched passive, spherical satellites for testing and calibrating ground-based radars. The allocation of a number in the Cosmos series was not confirmed until 2014 May when it was applied retrospectively - previously listed here as Cosmos 2492.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2013 Dec 28, 21:5769910.001959962696.9582.42262
Cosmos 2494 (SKRL-756 №2)
2013-078B
39491
in space
One of a pair of simultaneously-launched passive, spherical satellites for testing and calibrating ground-based radars. The allocation of a number in the Cosmos series was not confirmed until 2014 May when it was applied retrospectively - previously listed here as Cosmos 2493.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2013 Dec 29, 04:2569880.002259562596.9082.42257
AIST (RS-41)
2013-078C
39492
in space
Prototype of a small satellite designed by students of the Samara State Aerospace University and built by TsSKB Progress. Designed to measure the Earth’s geomagnetic field and test out a new satellite design (the first flight model, 2013-015D/39133, was launched alongside Bion M-1). Also carries the RS-41 amateur radio package/

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2013 Dec 29, 02:4869910.002059862796.9582.42260
Soyuz-2 1V upper stage
2013-078D
39493
Re-entered - 2013 Dec 28
Life <1 day
Launched the 'Volga' rocket stage carrying the 2013-078 satellite group.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2013 Dec 29, 12:0668050.024725959593.1182.4371
Volga rocket body
uncatalogued
Re-entered - 2013 Dec 28
Life <1 day
Transferred the two SKRL-756 satellites and AIST 1 from elliptical orbit to 600 km circular orbit. Caused to re-enter above the southern Pacific Ocean near 45° south, 140° west at around 23:00 UTC on the day of launch. It was not catalogued so there is no orbit information available.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2014-012
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2014 Mar 23, 22:54
Cosmos 2492 (Uragan-M № 748)
2014-012A
39620
in space
GLONASS-M navigation satellite. Separated from the launch vehicle Mar 24 at 02:26 UTC. NOTE - the Cosmos number is out of sequence.. An error by the Russian Ministry of Defence led to it being called Cosmos 2491 in press releases and on the official GLONASS status website. It was previously listed here as Cosmos 2494.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2014 Mar 24, 15:26255190.00051912819153676.1764.81274
2014 Apr 21, 22:52255080.00181908319176675.7364.82329


2014-025
Soyuz-2 1A
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2014 May 6, 13:49
Cosmos 2495 (Yantar 4K2M 11Ф695M, Kobalt-M)
2014-025A
39732
Re-entered - 2014 Sep 2
Life 119 days Returned to Earth
Military imaging reconnaissance satellite, sometimes referred to as 'Yantar', with manoeuvring engine to maintain its orbit. Dropped off two containers of exposed film at different times during the mission for retro-fire and recovery - the first one landed, probably near Orenburg, June 6 at about 08:08 UTC and the second one in, the same area, July 3 at around 04:01 UTC. The main camera/film module was recovered near Orenburg on Sep 2 at 18:27 UTC following retro-fire.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2014 May 06, 21:1666090.008317628589.1281.4188
2014 May 13, 21:1566020.004719325688.9881.4172


2014-028
Rockot + Briz-KM
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2014 May 23, 05:27
Cosmos 2496 (Strela-3M/Rodnik)
2014-028A
39761
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite. Precise launch time: 05:27:54 UTC, released from the Briz-KM at 07:12.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2014 May 24, 13:4978730.002014801511115.8882.44318
Cosmos 2497 (Strela-3M/Rodnik)
2014-028B
39762
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite. Precise launch time: 05:27:54 UTC, released from the Briz-KM at 07:12.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2014 May 23, 22:2278720.002014781510115.8582.45316
Cosmos 2498 (Strela-3M/Rodnik)
2014-028C
39763
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite. Precise launch time: 05:27:54 UTC, released from the Briz-KM at 07:12.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2014 May 24, 13:4878710.002014771509115.8282.44310
Cosmos 2499 (RS-47)
2014-028E
39765
in space
Small satellite with low thrust ion engine to demonstrate orbit changing capability. Used its own Briz-KM rocket body (2014-028D/39764) as a station-keeping target. Detected by US tracking sensors and originally catalogued as debris, it was not included in early announcements of the launch. Early 2014 July - started a series of manoeuvres to reduce the separation in orbit planes between itself and the Briz-KM. 2014 November 8/9 it matched planes with the rocket and manoeuvred alongside it, co-orbiting within a few tens of metres. The experiment may then have been complete because, as of 2014 Dec 1, the satellite began identifying itself as amateur radio satellite Radio Sputnik 47 (RS-47). 2021 Dec - Space-Track reported 22 debris items from a partial break-up that occurred on Oct 23 that year at ~20:00 UTC. Further disintegrated 2023 Jan 4.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2014 May 23, 20:2678720.001814801509115.8682.45317
2014 May 29, 21:1978730.001814811508115.8682.45304
2014 Jul 02, 22:3278720.001714801508115.8582.45228
2014 Jul 03, 19:4778710.002014771508115.8282.45218
2014 Jul 09, 09:0278680.002414721509115.7782.46200
2014 Jul 11, 17:0078660.002114711504115.7182.45189
2014 Jul 17, 15:4678550.002214601494115.4782.46166
2014 Aug 08, 16:1176840.024111211491111.7282.4699
2014 Aug 12, 10:1976210.03239971489110.3682.4694
2014 Aug 20, 09:3275880.03379541465109.6382.4278
2014 Aug 20, 14:2575850.03719251488109.5782.4573
2014 Oct 28, 23:2276520.028710551494111.0382.46254
2014 Nov 09, 00:0276810.025411081499111.6782.45231
2014 Nov 09, 13:1977050.022811521503112.1982.46230
2014 Dec 12, 02:5277060.023011511505112.2082.44156
2023 Feb 03, 22:2577080.023211511509112.2582.458
Briz-KM
2014-028D
39764
in space
Launched Strela/Rodnik Cluster and Cosmos 2499.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2014 May 25, 13:1077060.022911511504112.1982.44268
2014 Nov 08, 03:1077060.022811521503112.1982.44236


2014-032
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2014 Jun 14, 17:16
Cosmos 2500 (Uragan-M № 755)
2014-032A
40001
in space
GLONASS-M navigation satellite to fill a space in the constellation. Released from the Fregat stage at 20:48 UTC and responded to ground control, as expected, at 20:53 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2014 Jun 16, 11:15255190.00051912919153676.1864.77300
2014 Jun 20, 03:21255820.00231914519263678.6764.7747
2014 Jun 29, 03:14255080.00061911419146675.7364.77211


2014-075
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2014 Nov 30, 21:52
Cosmos 2501 (Uragan-K1 № 12L)
2014-075A
40315
in space
Second launch of new-design GLONASS-K. It also carries radio receiving equipment for the COSPAS-SARSAT international search and rescue system. Released from the launch vehicle Dec 1 at 01:25 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2014 Dec 02, 11:57255190.00151910319178676.1564.83247
2014 Dec 22, 05:04255080.00181908419176675.7364.82242


2014-086
Soyuz-2 1B
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2014 Dec 25, 03:01
Cosmos 2502 (Lotos-S № 2)
2014-086A
40358
in space
Electronic intelligence gathering - signals intelligence (SIGINT) satellite. Vehicle is based on the design of the Yantar satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2014 Dec 25, 16:1169480.047524090096.0667.1592
2014 Dec 27, 19:1972820.0006900909103.0867.15237
2014 Dec 31, 13:3772840.0007901910103.1167.15263


2015-009
Soyuz-2 1A
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2015 Feb 27, 11:01
Cosmos 2503 (Bars-M №1)
2015-009A
40420
in space
Russian government optical imaging satellite for use in cartography.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2015 Feb 27, 15:4568130.015632854193.2797.647302:45
2015 Mar 01, 20:4568140.015333254193.3097.636602:45
2015 Mar 02, 21:3968170.014833854093.3697.636302:45
2015 Mar 04, 00:1569290.001554156295.6897.6225802:46
2015 Mar 05, 00:0569350.000955156395.7997.6327602:46
2015 Sep 22, 04:2569330.001054856295.7597.6631702:48
2015 Sep 22, 20:1569370.001155156795.8497.6628402:48
2015 Oct 15, 16:3569370.001055256695.8497.6619202:48
2015 Oct 17, 13:3069500.000956557896.1097.6631802:48
2022 May 18, 13:5569480.000956357696.0597.9618405:45
2023 Feb 13, 10:4969460.001355957696.0197.954106:24


2015-020
Rockot + Briz-KM
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2015 Mar 31, 13:48
Gonets 21 (Gonets M-21)
2015-020A
40552
in space
Store and forward communications satellite for Russia's civil/commercial system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2015 Mar 31, 21:1478810.000814961509116.0582.48336
2015 May 10, 09:1378770.001014911507115.9682.49211
2015 May 16, 19:5378730.001614821507115.8782.49191
Gonets 22 (Gonets M-22)
2015-020B
40553
in space
Store and forward communications satellite for Russia's civil/commercial system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2015 Mar 31, 23:0478800.000714961508116.0282.48323
2015 May 02, 19:0578730.001414841505115.8682.49204
Gonets 23 (Gonets M-23)
2015-020C
40554
in space
Store and forward communications satellite for Russia's civil/commercial system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2015 Apr 01, 20:1578790.000714951506115.9982.48308
2015 Apr 17, 23:2578720.001114851503115.8582.49218
2015 May 15, 02:0378730.001314841505115.8682.49158
Cosmos 2504
2015-020D
40555
in space
Small satellite with orbit changing capability. Possibly, but speculatively, an inspector satellite with its own Briz-KM rocket body (2015-020E/40556) as a target.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2015 Mar 31, 22:5177160.021611711505112.4282.48270
2015 Apr 10, 05:5177190.021711731508112.4882.49248
2015 Apr 13, 18:1577220.022211731515112.5682.49240
2015 Apr 23, 09:4877150.020611791496112.4182.47217
2015 Apr 23, 20:1077190.021511751506112.4882.49216
2015 Jul 05, 20:5376640.021711201452111.2982.6844
2015 Oct 09, 18:2577170.021911691508112.4382.49180
Briz-KM
2015-020D
40556
in space
Launch a trio of GONETS satellites and Cosmos 2504 that 'hunted it down' in orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2015 Apr 01, 14:2777170.021611721506112.4582.49267


2015-027
Soyuz-2 1A
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2015 Jun 5, 15:23
Cosmos 2505 (Yantar 4K2M 11Ф695M, Kobalt-M)
2015-027A
40667
Re-entered - 2015 Sep 17
Life 104 days Returned to Earth
Military imaging reconnaissance satellite, sometimes referred to as 'Yantar', with manoeuvring engine to maintain its orbit. It released two containers of exposed film at different times during the mission for retro-fire and recovery with landings 2015 Jul 7 at around 09:35 UTC and Aug 7 at around 04:45 UTC. The main module landed in the Orenburg region of Russia 2015 Sep 17 at around 22:15 UTC. Spacetrack's re-entry date of Sep 18 is incorrect - it may refer to an uncatalogued piece of debris (eg solar panel) discarded in orbit before retro-fire.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2015 Jun 05, 18:2766090.008217728589.1381.4287


2015-029
Soyuz-2 1B
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2015 Jun 23, 16:44
Cosmos 2506 (Persona 14F137 №3)
2015-029A
40699
in space
Third launch of new generation imaging reconnaissance satellite operated by the GRU (Russian Military Intelligence Directorate). The projected operational lifetime is seven years.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2015 Jun 23, 20:2668230.037918770493.4998.317908:37
2015 Jun 26, 19:4868190.036719169193.4198.316808:38
2015 Jun 28, 12:2770940.001270772599.1198.3131408:39
2022 Oct 12, 23:5470920.000870872099.0798.25409:22
2023 Feb 13, 10:0870920.000870971999.0798.2334309:21


2015-050
Rockot
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2015 Sep 23, 22:00
Cosmos 2507 (Strela-3M/Rodnik)
2015-050A
40920
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2015 Sep 27, 00:5778800.000614971507116.0382.50322
Cosmos 2508 (Strela-3M/Rodnik)
2015-050B
40921
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2015 Sep 28, 13:4278790.000614961506116.0082.49305
Cosmos 2509 (Strela-3M/Rodnik)
2015-050C
40922
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2015 Sep 28, 04:0478810.000614981508116.0582.49334


2015-066
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat-MT
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2015 Nov 17, 06:34
Cosmos 2510 (EKS 1/Tundra 11L)
2015-066A
41032
in space
First launch of new-generation, EKS, missile early warning satellite capable of tracking missiles and other heat sources in the Earth's atmosphere and in space. May also carry a strategic communications system for use by the Russian Military. Reached operational orbit Dec 10.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2015 Nov 18, 13:27264680.6975162938550714.2263.81270
2015 Dec 03, 19:25264810.6984160938596714.7463.80270
2015 Dec 06, 01:26265050.6990159938655715.7563.81270
2015 Dec 08, 06:54265400.6992160438719717.1563.80270
2015 Dec 10, 03:51265560.6994160538751717.8163.79270


2015-071
Soyuz-2 1V + Volga
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2015 Dec 5, 14:09
Cosmos 2511 (Canopus ST)
2015-071A
41098
Re-entered - 2015 Dec 8
Life 3 days
Small Russian military satellite equipped with optical and microwave sensors to monitor naval activity on and below the ocean surface. Carried on second test flight of Soyuz 2-1v. Lost when it remained attached to Volga rocket stage. Volga de-orbit manoeuvre (Dec 6 around 03:30 UTC) resulted in low perigee rather than re-entry because of extra mass during thruster firing. Separated from the Volga Dec 7, probably as a result of heating and buffetting in the upper atmosphere around perigee. Re-entered Dec 8 at 05:43 UTC southbound on the Greenwich meridian near 35° south, above the south Atlantic Ocean.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2015 Dec 06, 01:2370680.000668569498.5698.1826106:00
2015 Dec 06, 20:2067310.035511459191.5998.1729706:00
2015 Dec 08, 01:5565710.01598829888.3598.1629006:01
Cosmos 2512 (KYuA-1)
2015-071B
41099
in space
Small military satellite, possibly for callibration of ground-based radar systems. Carried on second test flight of Soyuz 2-1v.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2015 Dec 06, 07:5770670.000668569498.5498.1824506:00
2023 Feb 13, 12:5470570.000667568398.3398.1330406:24
Soyuz-2 1V second stage
2015-071C
41100
Re-entered - 2016 Mar 17
Life 103 days
Launched Volga stage and two satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2015 Dec 05, 17:3668230.034720868193.4898.1974
Volga rocket body
2015-071D
41102
Re-entered - 2015 Dec 8
Life 3 days
Carried Cosmos 2511 and Cosmos 2512 to orbit. made de-orbit manoeuvre Dec 6 around 03:30 UTC with Cosmos 2511 still attached but the satellite seems to have been released on Dec 7 as a result of air resistance and buffetting in the upper atmosphere around perigee. Spacetrack reports that the Volga re-entered Dec 8 at 04:37 UTC (±31 minutes) above Antarctica.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2015 Dec 07, 22:5765970.01969034888.8898.17293


2015-075
Proton-M + Briz-M
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2015 Dec 13, 00:19
Cosmos 2513 (Garpun №2)
2015-075A
41121
in space
Russian military digital communications satellite. Its purpose is to carry data between military satellites in LEO and ground receiving stations. Garpun replaces the older Potok series of satellites. The Briz-M released Cosmos 2513 into geosynchronous drift orbit about 9 hrs after launch.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2015 Dec 13, 15:32243710.721940035585631.0548.580
2015 Dec 20, 16:18419680.001835513356671426.050.0623076° east
2015 Dec 20, 23:41420100.001135585356781428.190.0520977° east
2015 Dec 22, 19:43420660.002335592357831431.040.0521779° east
2015 Dec 30, 02:30421630.000635759358111436.000.0514780° east
2023 Feb 12, 20:44421650.000235777357971436.120.0418480° east
Proton upper stage (Briz-M)
2015-075B
41122
in space
Launched Cosmos 2513. Disintegrated 2016 Jan 20 around 03:50 UTC, possibly indicating that venting of propellant after releasing Cosmos 2513 into orbit did not occur as planned.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2015 Dec 26, 23:55409820.027133491357161376.080.141


2016-008
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2016 Feb 7, 00:21
Cosmos 2514 (Uragan-M)
2016-008A
41330
in space
GLONASS-M navigation satellite to fill a space in the constellation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2016 Feb 07, 15:02255200.00061912619158676.2164.81251
2016 Feb 20, 15:21255080.00101910419156675.7464.81226
Fregat rocket stage
2016-008B
41331
in space
Launched Cosmos 2514.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2016 Feb 16, 02:15258090.00961918219680687.7464.7692


2016-020
Soyuz-2 1A
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2016 Mar 24, 09:42
Cosmos 2515 (Bars-M №2)
2016-020A
41394
in space
Russian government optical imaging satellite for use in cartography.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2016 Mar 24, 17:1768120.015632854193.2697.637301:25
2016 Mar 25, 20:0568150.015333354193.3297.636901:25
2016 Mar 27, 18:4469470.003754359496.0397.6425301:26
2016 Apr 01, 19:0169500.003354959496.1097.6223301:26
2022 May 18, 13:4369470.003154759096.0397.8829802:35
2023 Mar 23, 03:1369430.003054458695.9797.9332403:10
Soyuz upper stage
2016-020B
41395
Re-entered - 2018 Sep 6
Life 896 days
Launched Cosmos 2515.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2016 Mar 24, 17:1768110.015432853793.2397.6471


2016-032
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2016 May 29, 08:44
Cosmos 2516 (Uragan-M № 753 )
2016-032A
41554
in space
GLONASS-M navigation satellite to fill a space in the constellation. Precise launch time - 08:44:37 UTC. Separated from the launch vehicle at 12:16 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2016 May 29, 13:30255170.00051912519152676.0764.82242
2016 Jun 04, 11:42254490.00321899119152673.4064.81232
2016 Jun 12, 07:19255020.00121909419153675.4964.80226
2016 Jun 15, 18:18255080.00101910419155675.7464.81218
Fregat rocket stage
2016-032B
41555
in space
Launched Cosmos 2516. After releasing the satellite, Fregat moved to a higher orbit to deplete its propellant and as a collision avoidance manoeuvre. The Soyuz third stage was sub-orbital and re-entered before completing its first circuit of the Earth.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2016 May 29, 14:04256980.00671914919492683.3164.8063


2016-034
Rockot + Briz-KM
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2016 Jun 4, 14:00
Cosmos 2517 (Geo-IK-2 № 12/Musson 2-2)
2016-034A
41579
in space
Geodetic satellite, based on the GLONASS-M chassis with equipment including radar altimeter, laser retro reflectors and GLONASS receivers. Launched to perform the mission intended for GEO-IK-2 № 11 (37362/2011-005A) that was lost following launch 2011 Feb 1. Separated from the launch vehicle at 15:36 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2016 Jun 04, 18:5073270.0017937962104.0399.2831406:01
2023 Feb 13, 12:0373210.0001943944103.9099.227106:22
Briz-KM
2016-034B
41580
in space
Launched Cosmos 2517. Lowered orbital perigee after releasing the satellite in order to speed up orbital decay.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2016 Jun 04, 17:3271870.0208660959101.0799.23258


2017-027
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2017 May 25, 06:33
Cosmos 2518 (EKS 2/Tundra 12L)
2017-027A
42719
in space
Missile early warning satellite capable of tracking missiles and other heat sources in the Earth's atmosphere and in space. May also carry a strategic communications system for use by the Russian Military. Reached operational orbit Dec 10.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2017 Jun 01, 06:32264610.6964165638509713.9363.81270
2017 Jun 02, 00:14265000.6968165638588715.5263.81270
2017 Jun 07, 16:01265500.6973165938685717.5563.80270
Fregat rocket stage
2017-027B
42720
in space
Launched Cosmos 2518.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2017 May 28, 07:34264420.6958166538463713.1863.89270


2017-037
Soyuz-2 1V + Volga
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2017 Jun 23, 18:04
Cosmos 2519
2017-037A
42798
Re-entered - 2021 Dec 23
Life 1644 days
Military satellite. Acted as a target for close proximity manoeuvres by Cosmos 2521.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2017 Jun 23, 21:5370400.001165466997.9798.0524109:54
2017 Aug 23, 14:0770370.001464966897.9197.925709:53
2017 Oct 30, 13:1970370.001265066797.9197.9118609:49
2017 Dec 13, 21:5470370.001364966897.9197.905609:46
2017 Dec 14, 14:4970300.001464266297.7897.905909:46
2018 Jun 26, 21:2970300.001264366197.7797.8714109:35
2018 Jun 27, 08:5370250.000764265297.6797.8818509:35
2018 Jun 27, 18:3970220.001063765097.6097.8723209:35
2018 Jun 28, 09:3370170.001462964997.5097.8725909:35
2018 Jun 28, 20:4070100.002061864697.3597.8728409:35
2018 Jun 30, 13:4569950.003459364197.0497.8730109:35
2018 Jul 01, 15:4169810.005156763896.7497.8630809:35
2018 Jul 03, 12:4869660.006754163596.4397.8630909:35
2018 Jul 04, 09:1069580.007752663496.2897.8630909:35
2018 Jul 04, 20:2469510.008551363296.1297.8630809:35
2018 Jul 06, 14:0369370.010348762995.8297.8530709:35
2018 Jul 07, 12:5869220.011946162695.5297.8530809:35
2018 Jul 09, 14:1769080.013543662395.2397.8530309:35
2018 Jul 10, 12:3168930.015341062194.9397.8630409:36
2018 Jul 12, 12:0468800.016738761794.6597.8630009:36
2018 Jul 13, 11:0868660.018236361394.3797.8630109:36
2018 Jul 15, 11:5468520.020033761094.0797.8529509:37
2018 Jul 16, 12:5968370.021531260693.7897.8529509:37
2018 Jul 18, 13:2968530.023431563594.1097.8628809:38
2018 Jul 19, 13:0368690.025331766494.4397.8628509:38
Cosmos 2521
2017-037D
42919
Re-entered - 2019 Sep 12
Life 811 days
Military satellite. Separated from Cosmos 2519 around 2017 Aug 23 then conducted close proximity manoeuvres using it as a target.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2017 Aug 23, 22:1770380.001465067097.9397.926009:53
2017 Aug 28, 14:5870360.001464866897.9097.924409:53
2017 Sep 04, 18:2370370.001365066897.9197.912009:52
2017 Oct 30, 18:1270370.001265166797.9197.9118509:49
2018 Feb 13, 21:1870370.001165166697.9197.8820809:42
2018 Feb 14, 10:5170190.003261966497.5497.9223109:42
2018 Feb 20, 19:1670310.000964665997.7897.8918209:42
2018 Mar 19, 20:1370280.001663966197.7297.8910709:41
2018 Mar 20, 10:5370300.001564266297.7797.8910709:41
2018 Apr 30, 20:3367380.001435036991.7397.9116209:52
2018 Jul 19, 19:5167320.001234636291.6197.9022310:38
2018 Jul 20, 21:3866980.004129334890.9397.909110:39
2018 Nov 01, 21:0666680.002727230890.3297.895611:51
2018 Nov 02, 21:1466840.000530230990.6397.892711:52
2018 Dec 18, 21:4466680.000528729390.3297.8918612:24
2018 Dec 19, 17:2266930.000331331790.8397.8816712:25
Cosmos 2523
2017-037E
42986
in space
Military satellite - mission unknown. Separated from Cosmos 2521 on 2017 Oct 30, probably around 04:00 UTC. Perigee lowered immediately, then performed no further obvious manoeuvres.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2017 Oct 31, 02:0869870.007855466496.8897.8821509:49
Volga rocket stage
2017-037B
42799
Re-entered - 2017 Jun 27
Life 4 days
Launched Cosmos 2519. Caused to re-enter after four days.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2017 Jun 24, 05:1670400.001265467097.9898.05233
Soyuz third stage
2017-037C
42800
Re-entered - 2020 Apr 20
Life 1032 days
Launched Cosmos 2519.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2017 Jun 23, 22:3568450.026728465093.9498.0673


2017-046
Proton-M + Briz-M
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2017 Aug 16, 22:07
Cosmos 2520 (Blagovest, 14F149 № 11L)
2017-046A
42907
in space
Russian military and civilian communications satellite providing high-speed internet, data communications, television and radio broadcasting, telephony and videoconferencing services.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2017 Aug 17, 02:09244590.722740435758634.4748.68360
2017 Aug 18, 21:53420140.003035512357601428.410.0819357° east
2017 Aug 29, 14:09421650.000335775357981436.090.024977° east
2017 Aug 30, 06:54422540.003035749360031440.640.1120267° east
2017 Sep 11, 19:02422210.001235792358931438.950.0320447° east
2017 Sep 19, 00:20421630.000235778357931436.020.0322445° east
2023 Feb 11, 23:26421640.000135783357891436.060.0422545° east
Briz-M rocket stage
2017-046C
42909
in space
Launched Cosmos 2520.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2017 Aug 18, 00:00452050.067935759418951594.190.11140


2017-055
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2017 Sep 22, 00:02
Cosmos 2522 (Uragan-M № 752)
2017-055A
42939
in space
GLONASS-M navigation satellite to fill a space in the constellation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2017 Sep 23, 05:27255190.00071912419158676.1864.81270
2017 Sep 28, 09:14255590.00111915419208677.7664.8139
2017 Oct 05, 18:46255160.00071911919157676.0664.81264
2017 Oct 13, 07:17255080.00101910419156675.7364.80250
Fregat rocket stage
2017-055B
42940
in space
Launched Cosmos 2522.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2017 Oct 17, 03:07259520.01221925719892693.4764.76129


2017-076
Soyuz-2 1B
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2017 Dec 2, 10:43
Cosmos 2524 (Lotos-S № 3)
2017-076A
43032
in space
Electronic intelligence gathering - signals intelligence (SIGINT) satellite. Vehicle is based on the design of the Yantar satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2017 Dec 03, 07:4869480.047623990196.0667.1492
2017 Dec 08, 13:0772830.0006901910103.1067.15267
Soyuz upper stage
2017-076B
43033
Re-entered - 2019 May 15
Life 529 days
Launched Cosmos 2524.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2017 Dec 02, 20:3469380.046323888195.8567.1492


2018-028
Soyuz-2 1V
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2018 Mar 29, 17:38
Cosmos 2525 (EMKA?)
2018-028A
43243
Re-entered - 2021 Apr 1
Life 1099 days
Reportedly a development version of a future commercial Russian military imaging satellite. Manoeuvred multiple times and continued to maintain its orbit until 2021 mid-January then orbit allowed to decay naturally until re-entry.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2018 Mar 29, 22:4366960.000231631990.8796.649709:12
2018 Oct 24, 16:0266490.000327027389.9496.609609:06
2018 Oct 28, 04:0566620.000528128790.2096.596509:06
2018 Dec 21, 02:4266500.000426927489.9496.586709:06
2019 Jan 21, 04:1666480.000226927189.9196.563009:06
2019 Feb 11, 04:1766560.000327628090.0796.548909:05
2019 Feb 11, 19:2866600.000228128390.1596.544909:05
2019 Feb 12, 07:1766630.000328328790.2196.544809:05
2019 Mar 21, 09:1466590.000128028190.1396.54909:03
2019 Mar 21, 21:1666630.000328328790.2196.545909:03
2019 Apr 02, 08:2766590.000128028190.1296.5312409:03
2019 Apr 02, 21:0166620.000328228690.1996.533709:02
2019 May 21, 04:5966560.000427528190.0796.5216809:00
2019 Jun 21, 12:4666610.000228228490.1896.5111608:58
2020 Dec 06, 21:4766520.000027427590.0096.425908:07
2020 Dec 09, 23:0766630.000328328790.2196.419208:07
2021 Jan 10, 21:1066620.000328228690.2096.419408:02
2021 Jan 21, 04:5666610.000328128590.1896.409308:01
2021 Feb 21, 21:3266510.000327027589.9696.4011207:57
2021 Apr 01, 03:2165060.001012113587.0496.3628107:55
Soyuz upper stage
2018-028B
43244
Re-entered - 2018 Nov 4
Life 220 days
Launched Cosmos 2525.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2018 Mar 30, 07:2366940.000131531790.8596.65180


2018-037
Proton-M + Briz-M
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2018 Apr 18, 22:12
Cosmos 2526 (Blagovest, 14F149 № 12L)
2018-037A
43432
in space
Russian military and civilian communications satellite providing high-speed internet, data communications, television and radio broadcasting, telephony and videoconferencing services.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2018 Apr 19, 15:05244140.722938735686632.7448.65360
2018 Apr 25, 20:05419920.002835497357301427.270.0915069° east
2018 Apr 26, 22:37420260.002235555357411429.020.0915071° east
2018 May 01, 04:17420910.001535651357741432.300.0813777° east
2018 May 09, 14:00421640.000135782357911436.080.0411480° east
2023 Feb 12, 18:21421640.000035784357881436.070.02245128° east
Briz-M rocket stage
2018-037B
43433
in space
Launched Cosmos 2526.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2018 Apr 24, 19:11451410.067835704418211590.780.08163


2018-053
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2018 Jun 16, 21:46
Cosmos 2527 (Uragan-M № 756)
2018-053A
43508
in space
GLONASS-M navigation satellite to fill a space in the constellation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2018 Jun 18, 13:36255160.00071912019155676.0364.83230
Fregat rocket stage
2018-053B
43509
in space
Mission information in preparation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )


2018-082
Soyuz-2 1B
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2018 Oct 25, 00:15
Cosmos 2528 (Lotos-S № 4)
2018-082A
43657
in space
Electronic intelligence gathering - signals intelligence (SIGINT) satellite. Vehicle is based on the design of the Yantar satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2018 Oct 26, 09:5369510.047224590196.1267.1491
2018 Oct 29, 14:4172840.0005903910103.1267.15273
2018 Oct 31, 03:5972830.0007900911103.1067.15271
Soyuz upper stage
2018-082B
43658
Re-entered - 2020 Aug 4
Life 649 days
Launched Cosmos 2528

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2018 Oct 25, 03:3469390.046423888395.8767.1492


2018-086
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2018 Nov 3, 20:17
Cosmos 2529 (Uragan-M № 757)
2018-086A
43687
in space
GLONASS-M navigation satellite to fill a space in the constellation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2018 Nov 05, 12:51255210.00081912319163676.2764.82287
2018 Nov 11, 16:06255560.00121914619209677.6364.8212
2018 Nov 21, 13:01255080.00131909719162675.7264.80274
Fregat rocket stage
2018-086B
43688
in space
Mission information in preparation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )


2018-097
Rockot
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2018 Nov 30, 02:27
Cosmos 2530 (Rodnik-S № 26L)
2018-097A
43751
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2018 Nov 30, 07:4678730.001514831507115.8782.50308
2018 Dec 16, 12:0678700.001614791504115.7982.51252
Cosmos 2531 (Rodnik-S № 27L)
2018-097B
43752
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2018 Nov 30, 10:1278740.001414851507115.8982.51314
Cosmos 2532 (Rodnik-S № 28L)
2018-097C
43753
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2018 Nov 30, 10:1778750.001414861508115.9282.51319
Briz-KM rocket stage
2018-097D
43754
in space
Launched Cosmos 2530 - Cosmos 2532.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )


2018-107
Proton-M + Briz-M
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2018 Dec 21, 00:20
Cosmos 2533 (Blagovest, 14F149 № 13L)
2018-107A
43867
in space
Russian military and civilian communications satellite providing high-speed internet, data communications, television and radio broadcasting, telephony and videoconferencing services.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2018 Dec 23, 20:55419270.004735350357481423.980.1917562° east
2019 Jan 02, 20:33420950.002835600358331432.520.1617885° east
2019 Jan 07, 17:50422000.001135777358661437.880.1519686° east
2019 Jan 20, 22:36421640.000235776357961436.070.1234980° east
2023 Feb 03, 18:31421640.000135783357891436.060.0216570° east
Briz-M rocket stage
2018-107B
43868
in space
Mission information in preparation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )


2019-030
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2019 May 27, 06:23
Cosmos 2534 (Uragan-M № 758)
2019-030A
44299
in space
GLONASS-M navigation satellite to fill a space in the constellation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 May 29, 17:40255200.00051912819156676.2164.79259
2019 Jun 04, 12:20255510.00071915519190677.4264.7950
2019 Jun 15, 22:00255080.00121909919161675.7364.79287
Fregat rocket stage
2019-030B
44300
in space
Mission information in preparation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )


2019-039
Soyuz-2 1V +Volga
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2019 Jul 10, 17:14
Cosmos 2535
2019-039A
44421
in space
Military satellite, one of four carried on the launch. Used to test an on-orbit satellite servicing system, making close approaches to, and possibly attaching itself to, Cosmos 2538

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2019 Jul 12, 09:5269950.000861162297.0397.8829809:01
2019 Jul 18, 20:4669950.000861162297.0397.8827509:01
2019 Jul 19, 21:0369950.000861162297.0397.8827209:01
2019 Jul 20, 16:2769940.000861162297.0297.8825909:01
2019 Jul 21, 02:1069940.000761162197.0297.8826209:01
2019 Jul 21, 21:3569940.000761162197.0397.8825909:01
2019 Jul 23, 10:4869960.000861262397.0597.8828509:01
2019 Jul 24, 11:3769940.001060962397.0297.8828209:01
2019 Aug 02, 19:5869940.001160862397.0197.8824009:01
2019 Sep 30, 17:5769920.001260662396.9897.875109:02
2019 Oct 09, 18:4069890.000960561796.9197.8635709:02
Cosmos 2536
2019-039B
44422
in space
Military satellite, one of four carried on the launch. Purpose unknown.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2019 Jul 12, 09:5169950.000861162297.0397.8731009:01
Cosmos 2537
2019-039C
44423
Re-entered - 2023 Oct 7
Life 1550 days
Military satellite, one of four carried on the launch. Purpose unknown.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2019 Jul 12, 10:1969960.000961262497.0697.8930009:01
Cosmos 2538
2019-039D
44424
in space
Military satellite, one of four carried on the launch. Used to test an on-orbit satellite servicing system, making close approaches to, and possibly attaching itself to, Cosmos 2535. Work appeared to be completed by 2022 Sep 14 when orbit was lowered, taking it away from Cosmos 2535.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2019 Jul 12, 09:4569980.000561662397.1097.8828709:01
2019 Jul 16, 18:4369990.000661662597.1297.8925209:01
2019 Jul 17, 02:4969990.000661762597.1297.8826209:01
2019 Jul 17, 12:3269990.000561762597.1297.8826009:01
2019 Jul 26, 10:1969870.002159462496.8897.8825309:01
2019 Jul 26, 18:4869760.000659360296.6497.8828709:01
2019 Jul 29, 16:1469850.001259961596.8397.8717809:01
2019 Jul 30, 09:4569940.001060962397.0297.8825509:01
2019 Aug 14, 13:2869920.000860861996.9797.8720009:01
2019 Aug 15, 02:3369980.001860763297.0997.8920209:01
2019 Aug 15, 10:5669940.001260762497.0197.8819809:01
2019 Sep 11, 19:5469950.001160962597.0497.8910809:02
2019 Sep 15, 17:1069940.001360762597.0297.8710209:02
2019 Sep 19, 22:1769910.001260562196.9697.889909:02
2019 Sep 20, 20:0769940.001360662597.0297.878309:02
2019 Oct 02, 12:0069920.001060762196.9897.875209:02
2019 Nov 28, 15:3469830.002059161996.7897.8618509:02
2019 Dec 05, 22:4769890.001060461896.9197.8615409:03
2019 Dec 13, 18:1669890.001060461896.9197.8613009:03
2019 Dec 18, 19:2869890.001060361896.9197.8611609:03
2019 Dec 20, 16:4369890.001060361896.9197.8611109:03
2021 Sep 14, 16:3869740.003657162196.6097.9317909:07
2021 Sep 15, 14:2369500.006252861496.0997.8120009:08
2023 Mar 26, 03:5269420.005752460495.9497.7312509:38
Volga rocket body
2019-039E
44425
in space
Launched Cosmos 2535 - Cosmos 2538.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Jul 12, 18:3468710.002647551194.4697.6171


2019-048
Proton-M + Briz-M
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2019 Aug 5, 21:56
Cosmos 2539 (Blagovest, 14F149 № 14L)
2019-048A
44457
in space
Russian military and civilian communications satellite providing high-speed internet, data communications, television and radio broadcasting, telephony and videoconferencing services.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2019 Aug 13, 23:08421020.002735610358371432.870.0430663° east
2019 Aug 15, 18:13421430.002135676358541435.010.0330964° east
2019 Aug 16, 13:10421580.001735707358531435.740.0330364° east
2019 Aug 21, 07:12422810.000835867359381442.020.0112160° east
2019 Aug 30, 11:19421970.000635793358461437.760.0132645° east
2019 Aug 30, 22:25421790.000435785358161436.810.0129045° east
2019 Aug 31, 04:30421770.000435780358181436.730.0229445° east
2023 Feb 13, 08:28421640.000135782357891436.050.0530612° east
Briz-M rocket stage
2019-049B
44458
in space
Launched Cosmos 2539. Orbit raised after releasing the satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Aug 21, 17:56452230.071235625420661595.160.16157


2019-057
Rokot + Briz-KM
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2019 Aug 30, 14:00
Cosmos 2540 (Geo-IK-2 № 13/Musson 2-3)
2019-057A
44517
in space
Geodetic satellite, based on the GLONASS-M chassis with equipment including radar altimeter, laser retro reflectors and GLONASS receivers. Final use of Rockot launch vehicle.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2019 Aug 31, 03:3173300.0009945959104.1099.2731606:01
2019 Sep 20, 12:3673210.0001943943103.9099.2711106:01
2023 Feb 13, 12:2473210.0000943943103.9099.2512906:18
Briz-KM rocket stage
2019-057B
44518
in space
Launched Cosmos 2540

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Aug 30, 19:1871880.0202665955101.0899.23257


2019-065
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2019 Sep 26, 07:46
Cosmos 2541 (EKS 3/Tundra 13L)
2019-065A
44552
in space
Missile early warning satellite capable of tracking missiles and other heat sources in the Earth's atmosphere and in space. May also carry a strategic communications system for use by the Russian Military.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Sep 26, 15:51264690.6969164638537714.2963.83270
2019 Oct 08, 07:33265510.6983163338712717.5963.84270
Fregat-M stage
2019-065B
44553
in space
Launched Cosmos 2541.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Oct 02, 08:13264750.6968164838545714.5163.82270


2019-079
Soyuz-2 1V + Volga
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2019 Nov 25, 17:52
Cosmos 2542
2019-079A
44797
Re-entered - 2023 Oct 24
Life 1429 days
Military satellite with sensors that allow it to observe other satellites in orbit. It also carries an Earth imaging system. Orbit is very close to, and co-planar with, that of USA 245 (39232/2013-043A), a KH-11 reconsat.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2019 Nov 26, 12:5469910.035036885896.9697.9031909:40
2023 Oct 24, 06:5665310.000914815987.5597.6327512:48
Cosmos 2543
2019-079D
44835
in space
Small satellite detached from Cosmos 2542 on Dec 6 probably sometime between 04:00 UTC and 10:00 UTC. Purpose possibly connected with the 'observing other satellites' capability mentioned in the launch announcement for Cosmos 2542.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2019 Dec 06, 13:4969910.035136885896.9597.9028609:40
2019 Dec 09, 16:1169930.034737285896.9997.9027609:40
2019 Dec 14, 15:5870340.028745485897.8697.9026009:40
2019 Dec 16, 17:0271030.018959085999.2997.9025309:40
2020 Jul 16, 18:5269890.001060461896.9197.8714109:07
Un-named satellite
2019-079E
45915
in space
Test of kinetic energy satellite interceptor using Cosmos 2535 (44421/2019-035A) as a target. Released from Cosmos 2543 (44835/2019-079D) 2020 Jul 17 and passed close to Cosmos 2535. Possibly aimed for a near miss in order to avoid a debris-shedding event.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jul 16, 19:0770220.019850578497.6197.87183
Volga rocket stage
2019-079B
44798
Re-entered - 2019 Nov 26
Life 1 day
Launched Cosmos 2542. Caused to re-enter over the southern Pacific Ocean Nov 26 with retro-fire at approx 05:30 UTC and entry into the atmosphere at about 06:10 UTC on a track heading northward from Antarctica.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Nov 26, 04:4969920.035236886096.9897.90320
Soyuz upper stage
2019-079C
44799
Re-entered - 2020 Jul 18
Life 236 days
Launched Cosmos 2542.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Nov 26, 05:5067040.005628936491.0697.9167


2019-088
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2019 Dec 11, 08:54
Cosmos 2544 (Uragan-M)
2019-088A
44850
in space
GLONASS-M navigation satellite to fill a space in the constellation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Dec 11, 15:17255160.00051912619150676.0564.84264
2019 Dec 19, 12:06254550.00291900319150673.6264.83249
2020 Jan 03, 04:54255080.00101910619154675.7364.82265
Volga rocket stage
2019-088B
44851
in space
Launched Cosmos 2544. Separated from Soyuz third stage at 09:04 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2019 Dec 11, 15:23257080.00711914719513683.7064.8162


2020-018
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2020 Mar 16, 18:28
Cosmos 2545 (Uragan-M)
2020-018A
45358
in space
GLONASS-M navigation satellite fill a gap in the GLONASS constellation as a replacement for a failed satellite in Plane 3. Released into MEO from the Fregat-M approx 22:20 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 17, 12:01255210.00051913119155676.2564.80264
2020 Apr 28, 07:19255080.00081910819151675.7264.82264
Fregat-M rocket stage
2020-018B
45359
in space
Launched Cosmos 2545.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 17, 14:48258450.00841924919683689.1564.78124


2020-031
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2020 May 22, 07:31
Cosmos 2546 (EKS 4/Tundra 14L)
2020-031A
45608
in space
Missile early warning satellite capable of tracking missiles and other heat sources in the Earth's atmosphere and in space. May also carry a strategic communications system for use by the Russian Military.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 May 23, 08:52264590.6964165438507713.8563.82270
2020 Jun 02, 18:58264950.6965166438570715.3363.81270
2020 Jun 05, 09:42265300.6967166938636716.7663.80270
2020 Jun 07, 07:01265510.6970166838679717.6163.81270
Fregat rocket stage
2020-031B
45609
in space
Launched Cosmos 2546 (EKS 4).

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 May 23, 08:35264850.6960167338540714.9163.84270
Soyuz upper stage
uncatalogued
Re-entered - 2020 May 22
Life <1 day
Launched Cosmos 2546 (EKS 4). Trajectory was sub-orbital and it re-entered above the southern Pacific Ocean.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2020-075
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2020 Oct 25, 19:08
Cosmos 2547 (Uragan-K1 № 13L)
2020-075A
46805
in space
GLONASS-K navigation satellite. It also carries radio receiving equipment for the COSPAS-SARSAT international search and rescue system. Released from the launch vehicle Oct 26 at around 01:20 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Oct 30, 17:54255030.00081910319146675.5364.81231
2020 Dec 03, 03:32255420.00081914219185677.0764.797
2020 Dec 25, 15:52255080.00061911319146675.7364.78256
Fregat rocket stage
2020-075B
46806
in space
Launched GLONASS navsat. Orbit raised after releasing satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Oct 26, 07:31258580.00781927919680689.6864.89108


2020-091
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2020 Dec 3, 01:14
Gonets 30 (Gonets M-30)
2020-091A
47227
in space
Store and forward communications satellite for Russia's civil/commercial system. Separated from the Fregat stage of the launch vehicle at about 03:30 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Dec 03, 05:1178750.001214871506115.9182.50300
Gonets 31 (Gonets M-31)
2020-091B
47228
in space
Store and forward communications satellite for Russia's civil/commercial system. Separated from the Fregat stage of the launch vehicle at about 03:30 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Dec 03, 05:1178740.001314861506115.9082.50295
Gonets 32 (Gonets M-32)
2020-091C
47229
in space
Store and forward communications satellite for Russia's civil/commercial system. Separated from the Fregat stage of the launch vehicle at about 03:30 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Dec 03, 05:1178730.001414841506115.8782.50287
Cosmos 2548 (ERA-1)
2020-091D
47230
in space
Small satellite, possibly Cubesat-sized - military mission as demonstrator for miniaturised satellite components including test of an orientation system. Separated from the Fregat stage of the launch vehicle at about 03:30 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Dec 03, 05:0978720.001414831506115.8682.50288
Fregat rocket stage
uncatalogued
Re-entered - 2020 Dec 3
Life <1 day
Launched cluster of Gonets-M satellites and Cosmos 2548. Caused to re-enter after releasing the satellites, over the Ocean to the south of Australia around 4.5 hours after launch.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2021-008
Soyuz-2 1B
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2021 Feb 2, 20:45
Cosmos 2549 (Lotos-S № 5)
2021-008A
47546
in space
Electronic intelligence gathering - signals intelligence (SIGINT) satellite. Vehicle is based on the design of the Yantar satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2021 Feb 03, 04:4969480.047524089996.0567.1492
2021 Feb 03, 20:5069500.047124489996.1067.1492
2021 Feb 09, 12:3172830.0007900910103.1067.15285
Soyuz upper stage
2021-008B
47547
Re-entered - 2022 Mar 3
Life 394 days
Launched Cosmos 2549.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2021 Feb 02, 22:2669350.046123787795.8067.1492


2021-056
Soyuz-2 1B
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2021 Jun 25, 19:50
Cosmos 2550 (Pion-NKS 1)
2021-056A
48865
in space
Russian military satellite for electronic intelligence gathering and radar surveillance of the Earth's surface. Vehicle body is based on the design of the Yantar satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2021 Jun 25, 22:5567080.020219546691.1367.1492
2021 Jun 27, 01:5967100.019819946491.1667.1492
2021 Jun 28, 18:4168320.001044746193.6767.1393
2021 Jun 29, 20:5768440.000546246993.9167.14259
Soyuz upper stage
2021-056B
48866
Re-entered - 2021 Jul 26
Life 31 days
Launched Pion-NKS.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2021 Jun 25, 22:5566970.018819344490.9067.1393


2021-081
Soyuz-2 1V
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2021 Sep 9, 19:59
Cosmos 2551
2021-081A
49127
Re-entered - 2021 Oct 20
Life 41 days
Possible imaging reconnaissance satellite. Re-entry occurred within seven weeks and there were no obvious orbit adjustments, suggesting that its purpose may have been to monitor performance of the launch vehicle. May be similar to the later Cosmos 2555 (52330/2022-044A) and Cosmos 2560 (54050/2022-135A) that were orbited with similar LTDN and also re-entered naturally with no significant orbit changes.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2021 Sep 10, 03:2266790.000929530790.5496.3428511:30
2021 Oct 20, 03:1665150.001113014487.2296.3429711:24
Soyuz third stage
2021-081B
49128
Re-entered - 2021 Dec 11
Life 93 days
Launched Cosmos 2251.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2021 Sep 09, 22:5066770.001229130790.5096.35275


2021-113
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2021 Nov 25, 01:09
Cosmos 2552 (EKS 5/Tundra 15L)
2021-113A
49503
in space
Missile early warning satellite capable of tracking missiles and other heat sources in the Earth's atmosphere and in space. May also carry a strategic communications system for use by the Russian Military. Separated from launch vehicle at about 08:00 UTC after an engine firing at first apogee raised perigee from its original 200 km.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2021 Nov 26, 15:33264520.6974162638522713.6063.81270
2021 Dec 02, 16:48265240.6978163838654716.5163.80270
2021 Dec 05, 12:31265490.6986162538718717.5363.78270
Fregat rocket stage
2021-113B
49504
in space
Launched Cosmos 2552/EKS 5.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2021 Nov 27, 13:56264690.6969164538538714.2963.81270


2022-011
Soyuz-2 1A + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2022 Feb 5, 07:00
Cosmos 2553
2022-011A
51511
in space
Military satellite described as a "technological spacecraft… equipped with newly developed on-board devices and systems for their development under radiation and heavy charged particles".

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Feb 05, 14:5183690.000519871995126.9867.09272
2022 Feb 06, 09:5583740.000419931999127.1167.09268
Fregat rocket stage
uncatalogued
Re-entered - 2022 Feb 5
Life <1 day
Launched Cosmos 2553. Caused to re-enter - probably near 60° south, 170° east at about 09:50 UTC, about 1.4 circuits after launch.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2022-036
Soyuz-2 1B
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2022 Apr 7, 11:20
Cosmos 2554 (Lotos-S № 6)
2022-036A
52202
in space
Electronic intelligence gathering - signals intelligence (SIGINT) satellite. Vehicle is based on the design of the Yantar satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Apr 07, 17:5869480.047623990096.0667.1492
2022 Apr 08, 16:1269500.047224490096.1167.1391
2022 Apr 12, 00:1572810.0008897909103.0567.15318
2022 Apr 12, 13:3772850.0005904911103.1467.14280
2022 Apr 13, 06:2872830.0006901910103.1067.14280
Soyuz upper stage
2022-036B
52203
Re-entered - 2022 Nov 30
Life 237 days
Launched Cosmos 2554.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Apr 07, 16:0469330.045723887195.7567.1493


2022-044
Angara 1.2 + orbit insertion stage
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2022 Apr 29, 19:56
Cosmos 2555
2022-044A
52330
Re-entered - 2022 May 17
Life 18 days
Possible imaging reconnaissance satellite. Re-entry occurred within four weeks and there were no orbit adjustments. Separated from launch vehicle at 20:18 UTC. LTDN matches Cosmos 2551 (49127/2021-081A) that also re-entered naturally with no significant orbit changes.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2022 Apr 30, 05:0866640.001127829390.2296.4524011:30
2022 May 17, 22:1765040.001411713587.0096.4222911:29
Orbit insertion stage
uncatalogued
Re-entered - 2022 Apr 29
Life <1 day
Launched Cosmos 2555. Re-entered above the central Pacific Ocean at around 23:30 UTC after 2.3 revolutions. Orbit listed was attained after releasing the satellite and is based on analysis of amateur observations over Europe of a gas cloud resulting from the engine firing that caused reentry.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit69450.041527985596.0096.45240


2022-054
Soyuz-2 1A
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2022 May 19, 08:03
Cosmos 2556 (Bars-M №3)
2022-054A
52713
in space
Russian government optical imaging satellite for use in cartography.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2022 May 19, 11:2868250.016033855693.5297.697223:47
2022 May 20, 20:0668280.015734355693.5897.696923:47
2022 May 21, 13:2868390.014036555793.8197.706323:47
2022 May 21, 17:5968600.010940755794.2597.696223:47
2022 May 22, 06:4769040.005049156095.1497.704523:47
2022 May 23, 01:5469470.001555957996.0497.6828223:47
2022 May 23, 05:0669500.001056557996.1097.7027123:47
2022 Jun 20, 07:4769350.001954457095.7997.6924623:47
2022 Jul 10, 12:4568870.000550551294.8097.6923423:48
2022 Sep 30, 15:4368860.000650451294.7897.6933123:59
2022 Oct 01, 12:3368850.000650351194.7797.5533023:59
2023 Mar 31, 20:1568800.000949550794.6597.555200:10
2023 Nov 22, 03:1468710.000548949694.4797.5531700:29
2023 Dec 21, 03:2968700.000648749694.4497.5618600:31
Soyuz upper stage
2022-054B
52714
Re-entered - 2023 Jun 6
Life 383 days
Launched Cosmos 2556.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 May 19, 09:5368240.016033755593.5197.7073


2022-075
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2022 Jul 7, 09:18
Cosmos 2557 (Uragan-K1 № 16L)
2022-075A
52984
in space
GLONASS-K navigation satellite. It also carries radio receiving equipment for the COSPAS-SARSAT international search and rescue system. Released from launch vehicle around 15:00 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Jul 08, 10:13255170.00031913019148676.0964.82270
2022 Jul 11, 18:07255370.00071914119178676.8964.83359
2022 Jul 21, 15:36255080.00081911019150675.7464.81285
Fregat rocket stage
2022-075B
52985
in space
Launched Cosmos 2557 (GLONASS K) navsat. Orbit raised after releasing satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Jul 08, 13:54258640.01071920819764689.9464.7995


2022-089
Soyuz-2 1V + Volga
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2022 Aug 1, 20:25
Cosmos 2558
2022-089A
53323
in space
Military satellite possibly equipped with sensors that allow it to observe other satellites in orbit. It also may carry an Earth imaging system. Released from Volga rocket stage at 21:49 UTC. Until early 2023, orbit was co-planar with that of the US imaging reconsat USA 326 (51445/2022-009A). Orbit frequently raised to overcome decay through air drag and to maintain the LTDN.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2022 Aug 02, 00:5368220.001343545293.4697.2626112:06
2022 Aug 02, 13:2168210.001043645093.4597.2526612:06
2022 Sep 08, 10:2368190.001243244993.4097.2013312:07
2022 Sep 08, 15:0368220.001643345593.4797.2014512:07
2023 Mar 10, 20:5068180.000743544493.3897.1916212:06
2023 Mar 13, 14:1468200.000443944493.4297.2113612:06
2023 Mar 14, 14:1068260.000344545093.5497.2510412:06
2023 Mar 14, 18:1868290.000744645593.6097.2616812:06
2023 Mar 15, 16:5068380.001145246793.7897.2624312:06
2023 Mar 16, 14:3868420.001145647193.8697.2533212:06
2023 Mar 16, 17:1168450.001145947493.9397.2929212:06
2023 Apr 24, 17:1668400.001045546993.8497.2916412:06
2023 Aug 15, 16:2368400.000745746793.8497.2811612:07
2024 May 20, 17:1368410.000845746893.8497.2416212:03
Soyuz upper stage
2022-089B
53324
Re-entered - 2022 Nov 19
Life 110 days
Launched Cosmos 2558.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Aug 02, 00:5067350.010828442991.6797.2570
Volga rocket stage
uncatalogued
Re-entered - 2022 Aug 2
Life 1 day
Launched Cosmos 2558. Caused to re-enter above the southern Pacific Ocean on a south-north trajectory Aug 2 at about 08:30 UTC.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2022-130
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2022 Oct 10, 02:52
Cosmos 2559 (Uragan-K1 № 17L)
2022-130A
54031
in space
GLONASS-K navigation satellite. It also carries radio receiving equipment for the COSPAS-SARSAT international search and rescue system. Released from Fregat at about 06:15 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Oct 11, 13:10255290.00021914719155676.5664.78323
2022 Oct 31, 12:34255080.00081911019149675.7364.78225
Fregat rocket stage
2022-130B
54032
in space
Launched Cosmos 2559 (GLONASS K). Apogee raised after releasing satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Oct 11, 03:35256590.00351919019372681.7464.89229


2022-135
Angara 1.2 + orbit insertion stage
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2022 Oct 15, 19:55
Cosmos 2560
2022-135A
54050
Re-entered - 2022 Dec 10
Life 56 days
Possible imaging reconnaissance satellite carried on a test launch of the Angara 1.2 rocket. LTDN matches Cosmos 2555 (52330/2022-044A) and Cosmos 2551 (49127/2021-081A), First launch attempt cancelled late in countdown on Oct 14. Re-entered naturally.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2022 Oct 15, 23:1667140.001132934491.2696.3525011:30
2022 Dec 09, 19:2465400.000515916687.7496.3128611:19
orbit insertion stage
uncatalogued
Re-entered - 2022 Oct 15
Life <1 day
Launched Cosmos 2560. Apogee raised after releasing satellite. Caused to re-enter above central Pacific Ocean at about 23:30 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit69080.029132973195.2496.35250


2022-137
Soyuz-2 1V + Volga
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2022 Oct 21, 19:20
Cosmos 2561
2022-137A
54109
in space
Military satellite, one of a simultaneously-launched, but not necessarily related, pair - purpose unknown but may have an Earth observation mission. Released from Volga stage shortly after 20:17 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2022 Oct 22, 10:3667930.000840942192.8697.0826310:58
2023 Jan 30, 22:2267820.000739940992.6497.0725710:58
2023 Jan 31, 12:1667840.000939941292.6797.0724510:58
2023 Apr 05, 21:2267710.000938739992.4297.061610:59
2023 Apr 06, 14:2067840.001139841492.6997.0621910:59
2023 Sep 19, 12:3967670.000838339592.3497.0524211:02
2023 Sep 19, 20:2267750.001238940592.5097.0524311:02
2023 Sep 21, 10:5667750.001238940592.4997.0423711:02
2023 Sep 21, 16:1667820.001339541392.6497.0325811:02
2023 Sep 22, 10:0767850.001239841592.6997.0424011:02
2023 Sep 26, 14:3567840.001239741492.6897.0522411:02
2023 Sep 26, 19:1467940.001340742492.8897.0524111:02
2023 Oct 29, 13:4167880.001440141992.7797.0412511:01
2023 Oct 29, 18:2067960.000841342392.9397.0418311:01
2023 Oct 30, 19:0868040.001241743493.0897.0424511:01
2023 Oct 31, 19:5968110.001242544193.2397.0424111:01
2023 Nov 01, 14:3968180.001343144993.3897.0423611:01
2023 Nov 03, 21:1368280.001244145893.5897.0424011:00
Cosmos 2562
2022-137B
54110
Re-entered - 2023 Nov 8
Life 383 days
Military satellite, one of a simultaneously-launched, but not necessarily related, pair. Released from Volga stage shortly after 20:17 UTC. 2022 November - Resurs-P 3 (41386, 2016-016A) manoeuvred alongside it and was then used as a rendezvous target, possibly to test a satellite servicing mission profile. Manoeuvres ceased 2023 July 26 and the orbit then decayed naturally up to re-entry.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2022 Oct 22, 13:4267910.000840841992.8397.0825510:58
2022 Oct 28, 10:3567910.000940741992.8297.0823110:58
2022 Oct 28, 16:4667890.001040441792.7897.0824710:58
2022 Oct 31, 12:5167860.001240041692.7397.0824710:58
2022 Nov 14, 21:3967850.001339841592.6997.0819010:58
2022 Nov 16, 09:0867700.000538939592.4097.1022310:58
2023 Jan 15, 21:2767630.001337639392.2497.193011:04
2023 Jan 16, 13:1967690.001638040292.3897.1934811:04
2023 Jan 23, 15:4967680.001537940092.3597.1932011:05
2023 Jan 24, 17:5967640.001237739492.2697.1935911:05
2023 Jan 25, 12:2767630.001237739392.2697.1835711:05
2023 Jan 25, 18:3667630.001237739492.2697.1835611:05
2023 Feb 13, 13:1767600.001137438992.1897.1828011:07
2023 Feb 13, 18:2667630.001437539492.2597.1827011:07
2023 Feb 15, 20:4067630.001437539592.2597.1826511:08
2023 Feb 16, 21:1667600.001037538992.1997.1826611:08
2023 Mar 27, 22:2667530.001136738292.0497.1711311:12
Soyuz upper stage
2022-137C
54111
Re-entered - 2022 Nov 3
Life 13 days
Launched Cosmos 2661 and 2662 pair. Originally planned for launch Oct 18.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Oct 22, 04:2766720.015618939890.3997.0871
Volga rocket stage
2022-137D
54112
Re-entered - 2022 Oct 22
Life 1 day
Launched Cosmos 2561 and 2562 pair. Orbit circularised at about 20:17 UTC. First orbit listed covers the period when Volga and the satellites were still attached to each other. Caused to re-enter after releasing the satellites, possibly as late as Oct 22, around 07:15 UTC. Originally planned for launch Oct 18.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit66730.016118840390.4297.0872
2022 Oct 21, 22:4767930.000741041992.8697.08263


2022-145
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2022 Nov 2, 06:48
Cosmos 2563 (EKS 6/Tundra 16L)
2022-145A
54223
in space
Missile early warning satellite capable of tracking missiles and other heat sources in the Earth's atmosphere and in space. May also carry a strategic communications system for use by the Russian Military.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Nov 02, 14:19264580.6975162538536713.8563.83270
2022 Nov 10, 14:40264830.6982161438596714.8563.83270
2022 Nov 23, 13:05265530.6996159938751717.6863.82270
Fregat rocket stage
2022-145B
54224
in space
Launched Cosmos 2663.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Nov 03, 18:17264350.6982160138513712.9163.86270


2022-161
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2022 Nov 28, 15:17
Cosmos 2564 (Uragan-M)
2022-161A
54377
in space
GLONASS navigation satellite to fill a space in the constellation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Nov 29, 06:02255170.00061912419153676.0764.78272
2022 Dec 02, 05:44254580.00271901019149673.7464.79232
2022 Dec 19, 13:21255080.00431902019240675.7264.75141
Fregat rocket stage
2022-161B
54378
in space
Launched Cosmos 2564. Moved to higher orbit after releasing satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Nov 28, 21:14257070.00701914919509683.6764.7561


2022-163
Soyuz-2 1B
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2022 Nov 30, 21:10
Cosmos 2565 (Lotos-S № 7)
2022-163A
54381
in space
Electronic intelligence gathering - signals intelligence (SIGINT) satellite. Vehicle is based on the design of the Yantar satellite. Launch time estimated from initial orbit data. Perigee raised towards operational height Dec 2 around 07:20 UTC. Settled into operational orbit Dec 6.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Dec 01, 01:4969480.047623990096.0667.1492
2022 Dec 02, 23:1772830.0009898912103.0967.15334
2022 Dec 04, 21:2172810.0008897908103.0467.16322
2022 Dec 05, 19:4172850.0006903911103.1367.15280
2022 Dec 07, 02:3772840.0007900911103.1067.15270
Cosmos 2566
2022-163D
54817
in space
Small military satellite, purpose undisclosed. Separated from Cosmos 2565 on December 2 at around 23:20 UTC. Orbit raised by 2 km on December 24 at about 14:00 UTC as it separated from 54383/2022-163C. Minor orbit change 2023 March 10/11.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Dec 24, 19:1972830.0011896913103.0967.15322
Soyuz third stage
2022-163B
54382
Re-entered - 2023 May 22
Life 173 days
Launched Cosmos 2565.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Dec 01, 01:0269370.046423788195.8467.1492


2023-040
Soyuz-2 1A
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2023 Mar 23, 06:40
Cosmos 2567 (Bars-M №4)
2023-040A
55978
in space
Russian government optical imaging satellite for use in cartography.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Mar 23, 11:3267970.011933850092.9597.647222:23
2023 Mar 24, 23:1867990.011534349992.9997.646722:24
2023 Mar 25, 22:2568310.006740849993.6597.646322:24
2023 Mar 31, 08:2768800.000849650794.6597.6329022:25
2023 Nov 22, 02:4768700.001248450094.4597.6116722:52
2023 Dec 21, 10:4968690.001348250094.4397.617522:55
2024 Feb 06, 03:1968790.000649750594.6497.6125723:01
Soyuz upper stage
2023-040B
55979
Re-entered - 2023 Nov 22
Life 244 days
Launched Cosmos 2567.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Mar 23, 10:1967950.011833749892.9297.6572


2023-045
Soyuz-2 1V
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2023 Mar 29, 19:57
Cosmos 2568
2023-045A
56091
in space
Possible imaging reconnaissance satellite. Initial near-sun-synchronous LTDN matched Cosmos 2560 (54050/2022-135A), Cosmos 2555 (52330/2022-044A) and Cosmos 2551 (49127/2021-081A). All of them re-entered naturally after a few weeks without any orbital manoeuvres. Cosmos 2568 followed a similar pattern until a minor orbit 'tweak' July 11. Then, for about eight weeks, August 16 - October 6, it operated a thruster to maintain a steady orbit height with a precise 16 day repeating ground track before resuming steady orbit decay. On Oct 11 it started a new phase of orbit maintenance.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Mar 29, 21:4567150.001132934591.2796.4629911:30
2023 Jul 11, 11:3866840.000930031290.6496.4624011:12
2023 Aug 17, 17:0666710.000928629990.3696.4511011:07
2023 Oct 05, 09:1466710.000528929690.3696.4425111:01
2023 Oct 12, 18:5966670.000628429390.2996.4522811:00
Soyuz upper stage
2023-045B
56092
Re-entered - 2023 Jul 4
Life 97 days
Launched Cosmos 2568.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Mar 29, 21:4567130.001332634491.2396.46289


2023-114
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2023 Aug 7, 13:19
Cosmos 2569 (Uragan-K2 №13L)
2023-114A
57517
in space
New generation GLONASS navigation satellite to fill a space in the constellation. Separated from the launch vehicle Fregat stage at about 16:50 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Aug 08, 07:23255240.00041913519156676.3564.79313
2023 Aug 14, 16:34255410.00041915219174677.0564.7972
2023 Sep 08, 10:06255080.00101910519154675.7264.80302
Fregat rocket stage
2023-114B
57518
in space
Launched Cosmos 2569.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Aug 08, 07:26254720.00351900519182674.2964.83232


2023-165
Soyuz-2 1B
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2023 Oct 27, 06:04
Cosmos 2570 (Lotos-S № 8)
2023-165A
58148
in space
Electronic intelligence gathering - signals intelligence (SIGINT) satellite. Vehicle is based on the design of the Yantar satellite. Orbit expected to be raised to 900 km circular. Launch time estimated from initial orbit data. Orbit raised to 900 kilometres October 29 at about 02:15 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Oct 27, 07:4669480.047523990096.0667.1492
2023 Oct 28, 12:4569500.047124589996.1167.1491
2023 Oct 30, 14:4772830.0015894915103.0867.14340
2023 Oct 31, 05:0772860.0011900915103.1567.16321
2023 Nov 01, 10:1872810.0008897908103.0567.15296
unidentified satellite
2023-165C
58172
in space
Separated from Cosmos 2571 on November 23 at around 12:00 UTC. Continues to make regular, very small, thruster firings.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Oct 29, 21:3672820.0014893914103.0667.14335
Cosmos 2571
2023-165D
58428
in space
Small military satellite, purpose undisclosed. Separated from Cosmos 2570 on October 29 at about 08:15 UTC. Orbit raised by 0.5 km October 6.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Nov 25, 04:0672820.0017891916103.0667.15320
Soyuz third stage
2023-165B
58149
Re-entered - 2024 Apr 13
Life 169 days
Launched Cosmos 2570.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Oct 27, 07:4569360.046323687995.8067.1492


2023-182
Soyuz-2 1B
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2023 Nov 25, 20:58
Cosmos 2572
2023-182A
58435
in space
Military satellite, manoeuvrable, mission unknown but probably intelligence gathering. Mass/cross section ratio is relatively low so it experiences high drag. Frequent operation of low thrust engine maintains orbit height near 299 km.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Nov 26, 09:0666890.001530132290.7596.636412:30
2023 Dec 06, 09:1566790.001429231190.5596.622112:29
2023 Dec 07, 07:5466810.001529331390.5796.62712:29
2023 Dec 20, 20:3866800.002228731690.5596.6229812:29
2023 Dec 25, 07:5166780.002328431590.5296.6328312:28
2024 Jun 01, 06:1866780.001528930990.5196.7020312:28
Soyuz third stage
2023-182B
58436
Re-entered - 2024 Mar 2
Life 98 days
Launched Cosmos 2572.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Nov 26, 09:0466880.001330231890.7296.6365


2023-201
Soyuz-2 1A
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2023 Dec 21, 08:48
Cosmos 2573 (Bars-M №5)
2023-201A
58614
in space
Russian government optical imaging satellite for use in cartography. Initial orbit co-planar with Cosmos 2556/Bars-M №3 (2022-054A. At the time of launch, Russian news media reported that the launch vehicle was Soyuz-2 1B which was inconsistent with earlier Bars-M missions.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Dec 21, 10:3867970.011833849992.9497.577200:31
2023 Dec 22, 20:3767990.011534349992.9997.566900:31
2023 Dec 23, 15:2568100.009836549893.2197.566500:31
2023 Dec 25, 12:2368310.006640849893.6597.565700:32
2023 Dec 29, 02:4068810.001049551094.6797.5628300:32
2024 Feb 05, 21:3168800.001449251194.6497.5613500:35
Soyuz third stage
2023-201B
58615
in space
Launched Cosmos 2573.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Dec 21, 10:3867960.011833849892.9297.5572


2023-209
Soyuz-2 1V
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2023 Dec 27, 07:03
Cosmos 2574
2023-209A
58658
in space
Russian military satellite - mission details awaited. Orbit lowered by about 2.5 km after a series of thruster firings 2024 January 25 - January 29.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Dec 27, 16:2567330.000834936091.6396.764622:40
2024 Jan 25, 08:5767280.000434735391.5496.7528522:38
2024 Jan 26, 18:5167270.000434635191.5196.7527322:38
2024 Jan 28, 01:3167260.000434535091.4996.7526122:38
2024 Feb 08, 19:1867240.000834135191.4696.7617822:37
2024 Feb 22, 14:0967190.000833534691.3596.7514522:36
Soyuz third stage
2023-209B
58659
Re-entered - 2024 May 3
Life 128 days
Launched Cosmos 2574.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Dec 27, 11:4367310.000634935791.6096.7743


2024-026
Soyuz-2 1V
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2024 Feb 9, 07:03
Cosmos 2575
2024-026A
58929
in space
Russian military satellite - mission details awaited. Initial orbit plane close to that of Cosmos 2574 (58658, 2023-209A).

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2024 Feb 09, 10:2467330.000934936191.6496.764122:40
2024 Mar 28, 00:0367240.000734135191.4696.7518122:37
2024 Mar 29, 11:5267230.000734035091.4396.7517522:37
Soyuz third stage
2024-026B
58930
in space
Launched Cosmos 2575.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2024 Feb 09, 10:2467310.000734835891.6096.7626


2024-092
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2024 May 16, 21:21
Cosmos 2576
2024-092A
59773
in space
Military satellite possibly equipped with sensors that allow it to observe or monitor other satellites in orbit. It also may carry an Earth imaging system. Released from Fregat soon after launch. Orbit is in a similar plane to USA 314 (48247, 2021-032A) - a military/government imaging satellite owned by the US.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2024 May 17, 06:5468220.001143645193.4597.2524713:00
Zorki-2M 03
2024-092B
59774
in space
12U Cubesat from Russia's Sitronix Group, equipped with a remote sensing payload. Also equipped with an AIS system to carry short messages and position information to/from ships at sea. Released from Fregat stage May 17, probably around 05:40 UTC. Catalogue Number and Designation to be confirmed.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2024 May 17, 16:3969190.001253254995.4597.5930413:00
Zorki-2M 04
2024-092C
59775
in space
12U Cubesat from Russia's Sitronix Group, equipped with a remote sensing payload. Also equipped with an AIS system to carry short messages and position information to/from ships at sea. Released from Fregat stage May 17, probably around 05:40 UTC. Catalogue Number and Designation to be confirmed.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2024 May 17, 15:1069180.001253154895.4497.6030613:00
SITRO-AIS (53?)
2024-092D
59776
in space
3U Cubesat from Russian Sitronix Group. Equipped with an AIS system to carry short messages and position information to/from ships at sea. Released from Fregat stage May 17, probably around 05:40 UTC. Catalogue Number and Designation to be confirmed.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2024 May 17, 16:4169220.001253555295.5297.6026913:00
SITRO-AIS (54?)
2024-092E
59777
in space
3U Cubesat from Russian Sitronix Group. Equipped with an AIS system to carry short messages and position information to/from ships at sea. Released from Fregat stage May 17, probably around 05:40 UTC. Catalogue Number and Designation to be confirmed.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2024 May 17, 16:4169220.001153655295.5297.5927513:00
SITRO-AIS (55?)
2024-092F
59778
in space
3U Cubesat from Russian Sitronix Group. Equipped with an AIS system to carry short messages and position information to/from ships at sea. Released from Fregat stage May 17, probably around 05:40 UTC. Catalogue Number and Designation to be confirmed.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2024 May 17, 16:4169220.001253555295.5297.6028813:00
Rassvet-2 01
2024-092G
59779
in space
Internet communications satellite supporting 5G. May be an operational satellite but initially in a testing phase that will last several months. Larger version of the Rassvet 1 satellites launched 2023 June. Released from the Fregat stage May 17, probably around 04:00 UTC. Catalogue Number, Designation and Orbit subject to confirmation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2024 May 17, 17:2271660.0011780796100.6298.5929813:00
Rassvet-2 02
2024-092H
59780
in space
Internet communications satellite supporting 5G. May be an operational satellite but initially in a testing phase that will last several months. Larger version of the Rassvet 1 satellites launched 2023 June. Released from the Fregat stage May 17, probably around 04:00 UTC. Catalogue Number, Designation and Orbit subject to confirmation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2024 May 17, 17:2271660.0011780796100.6298.6030113:00
Rassvet-2 03
2024-092J
59781
in space
Internet communications satellite supporting 5G. May be an operational satellite but initially in a testing phase that will last several months. Larger version of the Rassvet 1 satellites launched 2023 June. Released from the Fregat stage May 17, probably around 04:00 UTC. Catalogue Number, Designation and Orbit subject to confirmation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2024 May 17, 17:2171660.0011780796100.6298.5930013:00
SITRO-AIS (56?)
2024-092K
59809
in space
3U Cubesat from Russian Sitronix Group. Equipped with an AIS system to carry short messages and position information to/from ships at sea. Released from Fregat stage May 17, probably around 05:40 UTC. Catalogue Number and Designation to be confirmed.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2024 May 20, 14:5369220.001253555295.5197.5926513:00
Fregat rocket stage.
uncatalogued
Re-entered - 2024 May 17
Life 1 day
Launched several satellites. Caused to re-enter above the Indian Ocean May 17 at about 07:30 UTC.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable



Page date: 2023 Dec 08
Orbits updated: 2024 Jun 04

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