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Gaofen - Earth-imaging Resources Satellites


Tyneside, UK
2022 Aug 16
Tuesday, Day 228

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Launches In Date Order

The table lists all launches by China under the name Gaofen. They have used a range of different launch vehicles and have been launched from Jiuquan, Taiyuan and Xichang.

Gaofen satellites carry imaging sensors operating in a range of wavelengths from visible light to radar. They are government owned and have a mainly civilian application.

They operate in a range of orbits from Sun-synchronous LEO to GEO.

2013-018
CZ 2D
Jiuquan Space Centre
2013 Apr 26, 04:13
Gaofen 1-01
2013-018A
39150
in space
Remote sensing satellite with 1m resolution, possibly for cartography. It's name means "high resolution" in English. It will operate as part of a system to combine data from satellites in orbit with data from sensors flown within the atmosphere by aircraft and operating lifetime is expected to be 5-8 years.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2013 May 02, 02:5170200.001863065497.5698.0722310:30


2014-049
CZ 4B
Taiyuan Space Centre
2014 Aug 19, 03:15
Gaofen 2
2014-049A
40118
in space
Carries a high-resolution optical system. Gaofen 2 will support a civilian remote sensing programme based on LEO and GEO satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2014 Aug 19, 20:3069980.001760863297.1098.0321310:20
2014 Aug 24, 04:1270060.001162063697.2698.0221210:20


2015-030
CZ 4B
Taiyuan Space Centre
2015 Jun 26, 06:02
Gaofen 8
2015-030A
40701
in space
Carries a high-resolution optical system. It will support a remote sensing programme based on LEO and GEO satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2015 Jun 26, 10:5168550.000747148194.1397.3024313:30
2015 Jun 30, 10:3768670.000648449394.3897.292813:30


2015-047
CZ 2D
Jiuquan Space Centre
2015 Sep 14, 04:42
Gaofen 9-01
2015-047A
40894
in space
Carries a high-resolution optical system to support a remote sensing programme based on LEO and GEO satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2015 Sep 14, 20:2570200.003361966597.5698.0124510:59


2015-083
CZ 3B
Xichang Space Centre
2015 Dec 28, 16:04
Gaofen 4
2015-083A
41194
in space
Earth observation satellite equipped with continuously-operating Earth imaging visible light and infrared sensors to be used, among other things, for 'hotspot detection' in relation to tracking tropical storms. With 50m resolution at visible wavelengths, ships the size of oil tankers will be distinguishable. Expected location near 110° east.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2015 Dec 28, 18:06243840.730020535807631.5722.97180
2016 Jan 07, 22:38421640.000035784357881436.080.5820106° east


2016-049
CZ 4C
Taiyuan Space Centre
2016 Aug 9, 22:55
Gaofen 3-01
2016-049A
41727
in space
Carries an imaging Synthetic Aperture Radar with resolution of 1m. Gaofen 3 will support a civilian remote sensing programme based on LEO and GEO satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2016 Aug 10, 11:3971190.000873674799.6498.429506:00
2016 Aug 10, 13:1871210.000873774899.6798.429006:00
2016 Aug 11, 09:1671290.000175075199.8498.426006:00
2016 Aug 14, 02:1271290.000175175299.8598.429906:00
2021 Nov 21, 21:2071290.000175075299.8598.4111306:04
2022 Apr 07, 03:3271290.000275075299.8598.4110706:04


2016-F01 - failed to reach orbit
CZ 4C
Taiyuan Space Centre
2016 Aug 31, 18:55
Gaofen 10
Remote sensing satellite to be used for land use surveys, urban planning, road network design, crop estimation and disaster prevention/mitigation, part of a remote sensing programme based on LEO and GEO satellites. Intended for Sun-synchronous orbit with LTDN near 02:00 but lost when the launch vehicle third stage failed.


2018-031
CZ 4C
Taiyuan Space Centre
2018 Mar 31, 03:22
Gaofen 1-02
2018-031A
43259
in space
Remote sensing satellite with 1m resolution, possibly for cartography. It's name means "high resolution" in English. It will operate as part of a system to combine data from satellites in orbit with data from sensors flown within the atmosphere by aircraft and operating lifetime is expected to be 5-8 years.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2018 Apr 02, 00:2170190.000363964397.5498.0426810:30
Gaofen 1-03
2018-031B
43260
in space
Remote sensing satellite with 1m resolution, possibly for cartography. It's name means "high resolution" in English. It will operate as part of a system to combine data from satellites in orbit with data from sensors flown within the atmosphere by aircraft and operating lifetime is expected to be 5-8 years.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2018 Apr 02, 01:5870180.000363864297.5298.0428310:30
2018 Apr 29, 04:1170160.000663464297.4798.0320710:31
Gaofen 1-04
2018-031D
43262
in space
Remote sensing satellite with 1m resolution, possibly for cartography. It's name means "high resolution" in English. It will operate as part of a system to combine data from satellites in orbit with data from sensors flown within the atmosphere by aircraft and operating lifetime is expected to be 5-8 years.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2018 Apr 02, 01:5970190.000463964497.5498.0426210:30
2018 Apr 29, 03:2570220.000664064897.6098.0312010:31


2018-043
CZ 4C
Taiyuan Space Centre
2018 May 8, 18:28
Gaofen 5-01
2018-043A
43461
in space
Environmental satellite with multi-spectral imaging equipment and detectors for greenhouse gasses, infrared radiation and trace gasses.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2018 May 09, 18:3270620.001067769298.4598.128601:36
2018 May 12, 22:1070790.000170070198.7898.1217701:36
2021 Sep 03, 12:5370780.000369870298.7898.239001:25


2018-063
CZ 4B
Taiyuan Space Centre
2018 Jul 31, 03:00
Gaofen 11-01
2018-063A
43585
in space
Chinese remote sensing imaging satellite operating at optical wavelengths. Attained sun-synchronous orbit 2019 April, nine months after launch.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2018 Jul 31, 09:1968490.032624769494.0197.4317110:09
2018 Aug 14, 22:0168410.032524168593.8697.4312010:11
2019 Apr 10, 09:2467590.020524251992.1697.3832810:50
2019 Apr 11, 07:0668090.013234152193.1997.3832310:50
2019 Apr 13, 18:3868700.002147850694.4697.4228910:50


2019-066
CZ 4C
Taiyuan Space Centre
2019 Oct 4, 18:51
Gaofen 10
2019-066A
44622
in space
Remote sensing satellite to be used for land use surveys, urban planning, road network design, crop estimation and disaster prevention/mitigation, part of a remote sensing programme based on LEO and GEO satellites. Replaces the original Gaofen 10 that was lost in a launch failure 2016 Aug 31. An unspecified issue on Oct 2 caused 24 hr launch postponement from Oct 3.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2019 Oct 05, 04:0169950.000761262297.0497.7825201:59
2019 Oct 11, 23:5470030.000462262897.2197.771601:59
2019 Oct 13, 03:0370060.000062862897.2797.7826201:59


2019-072
CZ 4B
Taiyuan Space Centre
2019 Nov 3, 03:22
Gaofen 7
2019-072A
44703
in space
Civilian high resolution stereoscopic Earth imaging satellite for mapping.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2019 Nov 04, 23:0068750.001348850694.5597.4926610:31
2019 Nov 30, 19:2568800.001149551094.6697.4915510:32


2019-082
CZ 4C
Taiyuan Space Centre
2019 Nov 27, 23:52
Gaofen 12-01
2019-082A
44819
in space
Earth observation using radar to support land surveys, crop management, urban and road network planning.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2019 Nov 28, 04:0969750.000459459996.6297.9325207:00
2019 Nov 29, 13:1069930.000261361696.9997.9317207:00
2019 Nov 30, 13:1670030.000462362897.2197.9434907:00
2019 Dec 01, 19:2970070.000162863097.2897.937407:00


2020-034
CZ 2D
Jiuquan Space Centre
2020 May 31, 08:53
Gaofen 9-02
2020-034A
45624
in space
Carries a high-resolution optical system to support a remote sensing programme based on LEO and GEO satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2020 May 31, 23:1368710.001248550194.4797.2827915:14


2020-039
CZ 2D
Jiuquan Space Centre
2020 Jun 17, 07:19
Gaofen 9-03
2020-039A
45794
in space
Carries a high-resolution optical system to support a remote sensing programme based on LEO and GEO satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2020 Jun 17, 21:2968730.001248750394.5297.3226313:39
2020 Jun 20, 07:3968700.001648150394.4697.3227213:39
2020 Jul 29, 16:5668730.001448550494.5197.3212713:38


2020-042
CZ 4B
Taiyuan Space Centre
2020 Jul 3, 03:10
Gaofen Multi-mode 1
2020-042A
45856
in space
Carries an extremely high resolution, multi-spectral Earth imaging satellite to support a remote sensing programme based on LEO and GEO satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2020 Jul 03, 06:1870180.001363164997.5198.0126710:26


2020-054
CZ 2D
Jiuquan Space Centre
2020 Aug 6, 04:01
Gaofen 9-04
2020-054A
46025
in space
Carries a high-resolution optical system to support a remote sensing programme based on LEO and GEO satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2020 Aug 06, 10:2568740.001448650694.5397.4825910:22
2020 Aug 09, 04:2368750.001448750794.5597.4723810:22
2020 Aug 28, 21:1968740.001548550594.5297.4717310:22


2020-058
CZ 2D
Jiuquan Space Centre
2020 Aug 23, 02:27
Gaofen 9-05
2020-058A
46232
in space
Carries a high-resolution optical system to support a remote sensing programme based on LEO and GEO satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2020 Aug 23, 11:5468740.001548550694.5397.5025908:47
2020 Aug 26, 02:4868720.001648350594.4997.5025508:47


2020-064
CZ 4B
Taiyuan Space Centre
2020 Sep 7, 05:57
Gaofen 11-02
2020-064A
46396
in space
Chinese remote sensing imaging satellite operating at optical wavelengths. Initially operating in elliptical orbit with low perigee. 2021 Mar 16 it commenced thruster firings to produce a circular orbit. Its predecessor, Gaofen 11 01 (43585/2018-063A), performed a similar mission.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2020 Sep 07, 11:5968490.032524869394.0297.3317113:06
2020 Sep 11, 21:1668450.032824269193.9297.3315513:06
2020 Sep 21, 22:2568410.032424168493.8497.3311913:07
2020 Nov 07, 13:5768240.029924265093.5097.3331113:09
2021 Feb 08, 05:5767810.024623657092.6397.3333313:20
2021 Mar 15, 16:0267650.022623453992.2997.3320113:26
2021 Mar 19, 08:4268750.006445354194.5597.4328313:26
2021 Mar 21, 04:5068730.000149449694.5197.3310213:26


2020-071
CZ 3B
Xichang Space Centre
2020 Oct 11, 16:57
Gaofen 13
2020-071A
46610
in space
Chinese optical remote sensing satellite. Probably entered geosynchronous drift orbit around 21:30 UTC on day of launch.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Oct 11, 19:19243880.731018335836631.7128.53180
2020 Oct 20, 15:50421650.000335775357991436.131.98282118° east


2020-092
CZ 3B
Xichang Space Centre
2020 Dec 6, 03:58
Gaofen 14
2020-092A
47231
in space
High definition imaging satellite equipped with cameras for stereo views and mapping. First Xichang launch to sun-synchronous orbit since 2004.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2020 Dec 06, 22:4768670.001048149694.3897.3626910:30


2021-026
CZ 4C
Jiuquan Space Centre
2021 Mar 30, 22:45
Gaofen 12-02
2021-026A
48079
in space
Earth observation using radar to support land surveys, crop management, urban and road network planning.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2021 Mar 31, 04:3969750.000559460096.6297.8725005:00
2021 Apr 08, 01:3669850.000260660896.8397.8621805:01
2021 Apr 08, 10:0269960.001360962797.0597.8633405:01
2021 Apr 08, 19:0070060.000362563097.2697.8611605:01


2021-079
CZ 4C
Taiyuan Space Centre
2021 Sep 7, 03:01
Gaofen 5-02
2021-079A
49122
in space
Environmental satellite with multi-spectral imaging equipment and detectors for greenhouse gasses, infrared radiation and trace gasses.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2021 Sep 07, 13:5770640.000968069298.4798.2825410:20
2021 Sep 08, 19:3170700.000568869598.6098.2927510:20
2021 Sep 10, 16:3970770.001968571298.7498.2431410:19
2021 Sep 11, 21:3770790.000170070198.7998.282010:20


2021-107
CZ 4B
Taiyuan Space Centre
2021 Nov 20, 01:51
Gaofen 11-03
2021-107A
49492
in space
Chinese remote sensing imaging satellite operating at optical wavelengths. Initially operating in elliptical orbit with low perigee. A series of thruster firings commencing 2022 Apr 12 circularised its orbit to start phase 2 of its mission.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2021 Nov 20, 06:1968490.032824669694.0297.4517109:00
2022 Mar 05, 05:5267860.025423558092.7197.4415109:15
2022 Apr 12, 12:3867340.019022848491.6597.42909:25
2022 Apr 12, 15:4467370.019522849091.7397.421009:25
2022 Apr 13, 14:5367940.019328554792.8897.42609:25
2022 Apr 14, 01:3168260.006940049493.5397.4235909:25
2022 Apr 14, 19:0568680.000948449694.4197.441309:25


2021-109
CZ 4C
Jiuquan Space Centre
2021 Nov 22, 23:45
Gaofen 3-02
2021-109A
49495
in space
Earth imaging satellite equipped with a Synthetic Aperture Radar with resolution of 1m. Sun-synchronous orbit plane matched to Gaofen 3-01 (2016-049A). The two satellites will work together observing targets mainly on the Earth's sea/ocean surface.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2021 Nov 23, 04:1171200.000673874599.6498.4223806:00
2021 Nov 24, 15:0571230.000374374799.7198.4122706:00
2022 Apr 07, 02:4071290.000175075299.8598.428706:00


2022-035
CZ 4C
Jiuquan Space Centre
2022 Apr 6, 23:47
Gaofen 3-03
2022-035A
52200
in space
Earth imaging satellite equipped with a Synthetic Aperture Radar with resolution of 1m. Sun-synchronous orbit plane matched to its predecessors. The satellites will work together observing targets mainly on the Earth's sea/ocean surface.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2022 Apr 07, 04:1371200.000573874599.6498.4027106:02
2022 Apr 19, 12:5171270.000574675399.8098.427606:02
2022 Apr 21, 19:0171290.000275075299.8598.4210006:02


2022-069
CZ 4C
Jiuquan Space Centre
2022 Jun 27, 15:46
Gaofen 12-03
2022-069A
52912
in space
Earth observation using radar to support land surveys, crop management, urban and road network planning.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2022 Jun 27, 20:0369750.000359559996.6297.9823222:02




Page date: 2022 Mar 15
Orbits updated: 2022 Jun 28

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