Orbital Focus - International Spaceflight Facts and Figures
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Launches and Orbital Operations


Tyneside, UK
2023 Jan 29
Sunday, Day 29

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Orbital elements based on amateur observations

Satellite observers' discussion group

Database of amateur observations using radio

Primary source of unclassified orbital elements
2023 - Launches to Orbit and Beyond

Listed are launches, irrespective of outcome, that were irretrievably committed to flight towards orbit or intended to accelerate the payload to escape velocity. The following notes should help with understanding the launch lists.

Launch times are in UTC and are from the launching agency or estimated by 'walking back' along the ground track to the launch site. Most orbit data and decay information comes from SpaceTrack but it occasionally contains inconsistencies (eg - incorrect re-entry dates or early sets of elements allocated to the wrong object) that need to be corrected from other sources.

To fill the gaps where elements are not formally published, usually because they have a classification of "Secret", some orbits are based on amateur observations using visual and radio techniques. Such data is published near-daily by Mike McCants, and the source observations along with observers' derived orbits can often be found in the web-based Seesat-L discussion group. Occasionally, early orbit data are published by satellite owners. In extreme cases, orbits are estimated from public data.

Space-Track occasionally fails to allocate names to objects in its catalogue. The SATNOGS online database of radio observations sometimes provides pointers to which Catalogue Number belongs to a satellite being tracked by its contributors.

Apogee and perigee are measured against a spherical Earth situated at the focus of the orbital ellipse and with a radius of 6378.145 km. Shown is the Anomalistic Period, or time to complete one circuit of the ellipse. It is not the same as the time taken to complete one circuit of the Earth. Care should be exercised when comparing with other published orbits because they may have been derived using a different model.

Users can go straight to specific launches by pointing to the page URL followed by the three digit launch number, eg - https://www.OrbitalFocus/Diaries/Launches/Launches.php?year=2023#001


2023-001
Falcon 9 Block 5
Cape Canaveral Space Force Station
2023 Jan 3, 14:56
Transporter 6 Launch
in space
Carried 114 payloads including CubeSats, microsats, picosats, and orbital transfer vehicles carrying spacecraft to be deployed at a later time.

The list of satellites that follows is work in progress. All entries are subject to confirmation and revision.
See individual satellites for orbit info
Connecta T1.2
2023-001D
55012
in space
3U Cubesat from Turkish company Plan-S as a demonstrator for a constellation of broadband communications satellites. Released from launch vehicle at L +00:59:51.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 13, 17:2069080.001252253895.2397.5119309:31
Lynk Tower 4
2023-001AB
55034
in space
Small satellite from Lynk Global providing two-way connectivity for broadband, voice, and text messaging globally. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:20:02.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 13, 07:4469070.001352053795.2197.5017709:31
Lemur-2 (Emmaculate)
2023-001AE
55037
in space
3U Cubesat - equipped with a receiver for AIS (Automatic Information System) for tracking ships at sea, and other sensors. Lemur-2 satellites are named after development and support team members. Released from launch vehicle at L +00:58:44.

One of six Lemur-2 satellites carried on the Transporter 6 launch. All are accounted for.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 13, 09:1069030.001651453695.1497.5117709:31
Flock 4Y-1
2023-001AG
55039
in space
3U Cubesat - part of Planet's Flock 4Y cluster of second generation imaging satellites. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:05:03.

One of thirty six similar satellites carried on the Transporter 3 launch. All are in similar orbits but six are currently accounted for.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 18, 14:4569060.001351953795.1997.5015809:31
ÑuSat 34 (Amelia Earhart)
2023-001AN
55045
in space
Small satellite from Satellogic of Argentina providing earth images in the visible and infrared parts of the spectrum using real-time imaging and video. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:21:48.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 18, 14:4469060.001451853895.1997.5015809:31
Lynk Tower 3
2023-001AP
55046
in space
Small satellite from Lynk Global providing two-way connectivity for broadband, voice, and text messaging globally. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:19:46.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 18, 21:0569060.001351953795.2097.5016009:31
ICEYE X21
2023-001AS
55049
in space
Small satellite fitted with a sythetic aperture radar for Earth surface imaging. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:23:04.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 18, 14:4269060.001451853795.1897.5016009:31
ION SCV-008 (Fierce Franciscus)
2023-001AU
55051
in space
Satellite Carrier Vehicle built by D-Orbit - full details of passengers awaited. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:26:05.

Satellites released:
Jan 16 - TAUSat 2
Jan 17 - Sharjah Sat 1
Jan 18 - Futura SM1
Jan 20 - Futura SM3

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 18, 17:5369060.001651753995.1997.5016909:31
2023 Jan 24, 11:5969060.001551753895.1997.5014209:31
2023 Jan 24, 16:4569060.001651753995.2097.5013709:31
EOS SAT-1
2023-001AW
55053
in space
Small satellite from EOS Sat equipped with Earth imaging and remote sensing systems to support agriculture in particular. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:31:10

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 18, 21:0369060.001551753895.1997.5016109:31
Sternula 1
2023-001AX
55054
in space
6U Cubesat - Danish satellite carrying a VDES (AIS 2) transmitter/receiver to relay messages between ships at sea and between ships and shore staions. Released from launch vehicle at L +1:06:30.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 18, 16:1769060.001451853795.1897.5016209:31
Vigoride 5
2023-001AZ
55056
in space
Satellite carrier from US company Momentus Systems, carrying a single satellite to be released in the weeks after launch. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:28:10.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 18, 16:1569050.001451753795.1797.5016409:31
ICEYE X27
2023-001BF
55062
in space
Small satellite fitted with a sythetic aperture radar for Earth surface imaging. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:27:31.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 18, 17:4969050.001551653795.1797.5016409:31
NSLSat-2
2023-001BL
55067
in space
6U Cubesat from Israel equipped with an expandable, reconfigurable antenna that will unfurl once in orbit. It carries an internet communicaions system to allow tracking of mobile items such as individual shipping containers. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:05:50   

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 18, 17:4269030.001651453695.1397.5116609:31
TAUSat 2 (Tel Aviv University Satellite)
2023-001BS
55073
in space
2U Cubesat from Tel Aviv University designed to detact small objects in orbit. Released from SCV-008 Jan 16.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 18, 17:4569020.001851153695.1097.5014509:31
YAM 5 (Yet Another Mission 5)
2023-001BV
55076
in space
Small satellite from Loft Orbital Solutions - unspecified payload. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:20:42   

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 18, 17:4869050.001551653795.1797.5016409:31
SpaceBEE 156
2023-001CU
55099
in space
0.25U Cubesat from Swarm Technologies to provide a two-way communications system from LEO as part of a 150 satellite constellation. To aid tracking,the satellite carries a radar retro-reflector. It also carries a GPS receiver to help determine its location.Released from launch vehicle at L +01:02:07.

One of twelve SpaceBEE satellites carried on this launch. All were aimed at similar orbits. All are accounted for.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 18, 19:1369020.001751253695.1197.5015709:31
Sharjah Sat 1
2023-001CY
55104
in space
3U Cubesat from Sharjah Academy for Astronomy, Space Sciences and Technology (SAASST) of the University of Sharjah. Carries instruments to study the Sun and space weather. Released from SCV-008 Jan 17.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 24, 18:2869090.001352253995.2497.5015609:30
Futura SM1
2023-001CZ
55105
in space
3U Cubesat from Italian company NPC Spacemind with an unspecified payload. Released from ION SCV-008 Jan 18

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 25, 03:4168960.001450852894.9997.5113109:31
Futura SM3
2023-001DA
55106
in space
6U Cubesat from Italian company NPC Spacemind with an unspecified payload. Released from ION SCV-008 Jan 18

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 24, 19:5569020.001551453595.1297.5114709:31
BDSat 2
2023-001xx
in space
1U Cubesat from the Czech Republic testing space environment sensors and carrying an amateur radio system. Launched to replace the failed BDSat 1 (52175/2022-33U). Released from launch vehicle at L +00:58:34   

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
BRO-8 (Breizh Reconnaissance Orbiter 8)
2023-001xx
in space
6U Cubesat (3x2) from Unseen Labs of France for signal intelligence (SIGINT) reporting, specifically for maritime and airborne traffic. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:00:01.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
Chimera LEO 1
2023-001xx
in space
Satellite carrier from Epic Aerospace - holding a single satellite. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:28:54.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
Gama Alpha
2023-001xx
in space
6U Cubesat from NanoAvioniccs carrying a solar sail from the Gama company to demonstrate its use as a propulsion system. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:00:00.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
Guardian-alpha
2023-001xx
in space
3U Cubesat from Orbital Astronautics, a UK/New Zealand base company - payload details awaited. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:05:23   

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
ICEYE X22
2023-001xx
in space
Small satellite fitted with a sythetic aperture radar for Earth surface imaging. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:22:58.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
ION SCV-007 (Glorious Gratia)
2023-001xx
in space
Satellite Carrier Vehicle built by D-Orbit - details of passengers awaited. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:24:59.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
ISILAUNCH Sternula-1
2023-001xx
in space
6U Cubesat from the Sternula company, equipped with a VDES receiver (follow-on from AIS) to allow two-way messaging between ground stations and ships on the world's oceans. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:06:30   

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
Kleos Observer Mission 1 (KSF-3a)
2023-001xx
in space
6U Cubesat - one of four satellites orbiting together, designed to observe maritime activity, particularly of shipping in strategic areas not using AIS. Carries radio receivers to monitor nautical radio bands. Satellite built by GomSpace in Denmark for Luxemburg company Kleos Space. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:01:11.

One of four Kleos satellites carried by Sherpa LTE-1, all aimed at similar orbits to fly in formation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
KuwaitSat-1
2023-001xx
in space
2U Cubesat from Kuwait University, equipped with an imaging payload to be used to determine the satellite'attitude in space. Released from launch vehicle at L +00:58:24.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
Launcher Orbiter SN1
2023-001xx
in space
Satellite Carrier with six small satellites and four hosted payloads. Details awaited. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:26:11   

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
Menut
2023-001xx
in space
6U Cubesat from Spanish company Open Cosmos and carrying an Earth imaging system. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:00:12.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
Milspace 2 - Birkeland
2023-001xx
in space
6U Cubesat in joint military project between The Netherlands Norway to detect and pinpoint the source of radar transmissions from the Earth's surface. One of a pair of similar satellites launched on the Transporter 6 mission. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:02:02.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
Milspace 2 - Huygens
2023-001xx
in space
6U Cubesat in joint military project between The Netherlands Norway to detect and pinpoint the source of radar transmissions from the Earth's surface. One of a pair of satellites launched on the Transporter 6 mission. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:00:18.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
ÑuSat 32 (Albania 1)
2023-001xx
in space
Small satellite from Satellogic of Argentina providing earth images in the visible and infrared parts of the spectrum using real-time imaging and video. To provide data under contract to the Albanian government. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:20:00.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
ÑuSat 33 (Albania 2)
2023-001xx
in space
Small satellite from Satellogic of Argentina providing earth images in the visible and infrared parts of the spectrum using real-time imaging and video. To provide data under contract to the Albanian government. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:22:03.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
ÑuSat 35
2023-001xx
in space
Small satellite from Satellogic of Argentina providing earth images in the visible and infrared parts of the spectrum using real-time imaging and video. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:24:47.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
PolyITAN xx
2023-001xx
in space
Cubesat - probably from Ukraine, mission details awaited. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:05:12   

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
RROCI (Rapid Revisit Optical Cloud Imager)
2023-001xx
in space
12U Cubesat (4x3) - demonstrator of a system for providing tactical weather information to troops in the field. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:05:11   

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
SharedSat 2211
2023-001xx
in space
?U Cubesat from Endurosat. Carries several individual payloads. Released from launch vehicle at L +00:58:35.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
Skykraft 1
2023-001xx
in space
Small satellite from Australia as a demonstrator for a 200 satellite system to provide air traffic control services in areas away from convential ground station coverage. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:27:34. Also acted as a carrier of four further Skykraft satellites that were released from it around Jan 12.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
Skykraft 2
2023-001xx
in space
Small satellite from Australia as a demonstrator for a 200 satellite system to provide air traffic control services in areas away from convential ground station coverage. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:27:34.

One of four similar satellites released from Skykraft 1 around Jan 12. All are in similar orbits.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
Sony Sphere-1
2023-001xx
in space
6U Cubesat from Sony-Starsphere equipped with a high resolution video and still imaging system from Sony, and a water-based thruster system for orbit control. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:05:40   

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
STARVIBE (Small Telescope for Advanced Reconnaissance Vision Inspection Boom Experiment)
2023-001xx
in space
6U Cubesat - demonstration mission to verify the performance of two optical payloads - an Earth observation telescope and a system for auto-inspection of satellites. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:00:35.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
Umbra 04
2023-001xx
in space
Small satellite from US company UMBRA, equipped with a radar imaging system for commercial Earth observation. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:23:46.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
Umbra 05
2023-001xx
in space
Small satellite from US company UMBRA, equipped with a radar imaging system for commercial Earth observation. Released from launch vehicle at L +01:23:50.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit69040.001551653795.1597.5016709:31
Falcon 9 second stage
uncatalogued
in space
Launched Transporter 6, multisatellite mission. Caused to re-enter above the Indian Ocean at about 17:15 UTC
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2023-I01
JEM Small Satellite Orbital Deployer
International Space Station
2023 Jan 6, 08:02
SuryaSat
1998-067UY
55181
in space
1U Cubesat - student developed satellite from Surya University, Indonesia.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 10, 17:2667920.000441141692.8451.64216


2023-I02
JEM Small Satellite Orbital Deployer
International Space Station
2023 Jan 6, 09:00
OPTIMAL 1
1998-067VZ
55183
in space
3U Cubesat jointly developed by ArkEdge Space Inc and the University of Fukui, Japan. Carries an imaging system, an onboard processor for preparing data for transmission and a propulsion system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 10, 17:2567920.000541041792.8451.64288


2023-I03
JEM Small Satellite Orbital Deployer
International Space Station
2023 Jan 6, 09:32
HSKSat 1
1998-067UZ
55182
in space
3U Cubesat for the HSK radio club of Japan, providing high-speed data links for amateur radio users.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 10, 17:2567920.000341241692.8451.64200


2023-002
CZ 7A
Wenchang Space Centre
2023 Jan 8, 22:00
Shijian 23
2023-002A
55131
in space
Test satellite described as "…scientific testing, technical verification". Probably a satellite retrieval & disposal mission similar to Shijian 21 (49330/2021-094A).

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2023 Jan 09, 08:07243790.729820935793631.3616.42180
2023 Jan 09, 14:27247190.706388335799644.6314.31180
2023 Jan 17, 15:46424310.000136050360571449.740.50288151° east
2023 Jan 17, 19:16423840.001235956360551447.320.50229151° east
2023 Jan 18, 15:03423350.003235823360921444.810.50239149° east
2023 Jan 23, 16:46424110.001535968360961448.670.52233137° east
unidentified object
2023-002C
55180
in space
Separated from Shijian 23 on November 16 at around 21:30 UTC.. No further information at this time. A similar item accompanied Shijian 21 (49330/2021-094A).

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2023 Jan 19, 06:22424220.000236036360511449.240.50291146° east
2023 Jan 23, 06:59424220.000236037360511449.260.52277133° east
CZ 7A third stage
2023-002B
55132
in space
Launched Shijian 23. Perigee lowered after releasing satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 09, 08:02235160.722514934126598.1316.44179


2023-003
Ceres-1 (Y-5)
Jiuquan Space Centre
2023 Jan 9, 05:04
Science & Technology 1
2023-003A
55133
in space
Payload includes an Earth imaging system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
2023 Jan 09, 20:4768810.001249551194.6897.2729311:23
2023 Jan 11, 23:3768870.000850351494.7997.2725511:23
2023 Jan 13, 05:1868920.000651051994.9197.2724911:23
Nantong Zhongxue
2023-003xx
in space
Student satellite from Nantong Middle School, China.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 09, 11:2868800.001449251194.6597.27294
Tianmu 1 01
2023-003xx
in space
Small meteorological imaging and data collection satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 09, 11:2868800.001449251194.6597.27294
Tianmu 1 02
2023-003xx
in space
Small meteorological imaging and data collection satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 09, 11:2868800.001449251194.6597.27294
Tianqi 13
2023-003xx
in space
Comsat providing messaging communication links from LEO including between Internet-connected items.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 09, 11:2868800.001449251194.6597.27294
Ceres 1 fourth stage
uncatalogued
Re-entered - 2023 Jan 9
Life <1 day
Launched cluster of five satellites. Caused to re-enter after releasing satellites.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2023-004
Falcon 9 Block 5
Cape Canaveral Space Force Station
2023 Jan 9, 22:50
OneWeb 0532
2023-004A
55140
in space
Broadband distribution satellite for the UK company OneWeb.

One of 40 similar satellites carried on this launch, all initially in similar orbits.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 10, 05:4569830.000260360696.7886.50128
Falcon 9 second stage
uncatalogued
Re-entered - 2023 Jan 10
Life 1 day
Launched forty OneWeb satellites. Caused to re-enter after releasing satellites.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2023-F01 - failed to reach orbit
LauncherOne
Boeing 747, Atlantic Ocean SW of Ireland
2023 Jan 9, 23:10
Nine small satellites
Carried on first Virgin Orbit launch from Europe. Carrier aircraft took off from Newport, Cornwall UK. Lost when launcher second stage failed to perform to expectation.


2023-F02 - failed to reach orbit
ABL RS1
Kodiak Launch Centre, Alaska
2023 Jan 10, 23:27
Varisat
6U Cubesat - one of a pair of satellites from Onmniteq on first orbital launch attempt by ABL Space Systems. Carries a paylosd to test inter-satellite radio communications. Aimed at 200 - 350 km, 87° orbit. Destroyed when launch vehicle first stage shut down a few seconds after lift-off and it fell back onto the launch pad.
Varisat
6U Cubesat - one of a pair of satellites from Onmniteq on first orbital launch attempt by ABL Space Systems. Carries a paylosd to test inter-satellite radio communications. Aimed at 200 - 350 km, 87° orbit. Destroyed when launch vehicle first stage shut down a few seconds after lift-off and it fell back onto the launch pad.


2023-005
CZ 2C
Xichang Space Centre
2023 Jan 12, 18:10
APStar 6E (Asia Pacific Satellite 6E)
2023-005A
55239
in space
Commercial comsat owned by APT Mobile SatCom to provide to provide high-bandwidth satellite broadband telecommunications services for airborne, shipborne and other mobile applications. Launched initially to low orbit but main engine of attached propulsion unit failed to fire so early orbit raising to GTO used repeated firings of its low-thrust nozzles until Jan 23 when it separated from Apstar. Future orbit raising will use onboard electric propulsion to reach GEO. Expected location - 134° east.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2023 Jan 13, 08:1268130.030322964193.2828.5194
2023 Jan 17, 12:3878950.10157162318116.3628.50104
2023 Jan 19, 03:3987950.18737704064136.8228.23117
2023 Jan 21, 10:42102890.29798466977173.1228.51121
2023 Jan 27, 07:08106060.262414457010181.1728.51138
CZ 2C second stage.
2023-005B
55240
in space
Launched APStar 6E.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 13, 02:2867230.020720648591.4428.51112
APStar 6E propulsion module (Asia Pacific Satellite 6E)
2023-005xx
in space
Intended to propel APStar 6E towards GEO. A fault prevented use of its main engine nozzle but up to January 23, orbit raising used its low-thrust zozzles. Separated from APStar 6E January 23 at 13:31 UTC.
Orbit parameters awaited


2023-006
CZ 2D
Jiuquan Space Centre
2023 Jan 13, 07:00
Shiyan 22A
2023-006A
55242
in space
Small satellite carrying an unspecified demonstration payload, one of a pair carried on the same launch as Yaogan 37.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 13, 15:0168940.001150852394.9443.20287
Shiyan 22B
2023-006B
55243
in space
Small satellite carrying an unspecified demonstration payload, one of a pair carried on the same launch as Yaogan 37.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 13, 15:0168940.001050952394.9443.20287
Yaogan 37
2023-006C
55244
in space
Chinese photographic or electronic reconnaissance satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 13, 16:3368960.000751352394.9843.20270
CZ 2D second stage
2023-006D
55245
in space
Launched Yaogan 37, Shiyan 22A and Shiyan 22B.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 13, 16:3268960.000851252394.9843.20277


2023-007
CZ 2D
Taiyuan Space Centre
2023 Jan 15, 03:14
BUPT 1
2023-007xx
in space
Communications test/demonstrator satellite from the Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit68670.001048249694.3997.3828310:21
Golden Bauhinia 3
2023-007xx
in space
Satellite from the Hong Kong Aerospace Technology Group for a constellation of 165 LEO remote sensing satellites equipped with optical and radar imagers.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit68670.001048249694.3997.3828310:21
Golden Bauhinia 4
2023-007xx
in space
Satellite from the Hong Kong Aerospace Technology Group for a constellation of 165 LEO remote sensing satellites equipped with optical and radar imagers.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit68670.001048249694.3997.3828310:21
Golden Bauhinia 6
2023-007xx
in space
Satellite from the Hong Kong Aerospace Technology Group for a constellation of 165 LEO remote sensing satellites equipped with optical and radar imagers.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit68670.001048249694.3997.3828310:21
Jilin-1 High Resolution 3D 34 (Jilin-1 GF3D 34)
2023-007xx
in space
High resolution, multi-spectral imaging satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit68670.001048249694.3997.3828310:21
Jilin-1 MF02
2023-007xx
in space
Imaging satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit68670.001048249694.3997.3828310:21
Jilin-1 MF03
2023-007xx
in space
Imaging satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit68670.001048249694.3997.3828310:21
Jilin-1 MF04
2023-007xx
in space
Imaging satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit68670.001048249694.3997.3828310:21
Luojia-3 01 (Shuangqing 1)
2023-007xx
in space
Small satellite equipped with an imaging system and an intelligent processing system to prepare data before transmission to the ground. Also equipped with a (probably laser) communications system to provide links to other satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit68670.001048249694.3997.3828310:21
Qilu 2
2023-007xx
in space
Small satellite equipped with an Earth imaging system. Also carries a laser communications system for satellite to satellite links with the earlier-launched Qilu 1 (2021-033 launch).

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit68670.001048249694.3997.3828310:21
Qilu 3
2023-007xx
in space
Small satellite equipped with an Earth imaging system. Also carries a laser communications system for satellite to satellite links with the earlier-launched Qilu 1 (2021-033 launch).

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit68670.001048249694.3997.3828310:21
Tianzhi 2
2023-007xx
in space
Software defined satellite from the Chinese Academy of Sciences, carrying an Earth imaging system. The software is capable of modifying how the imaging system operates and processing data onboard before transmitting it to the ground.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit68670.001048249694.3997.3828310:21
TJ Hai He 01
2023-007xx
in space
Small satellite with an infrared detector, unclear whether it's for Earth observation or for astronomy.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit68670.001048249694.3997.3828310:21
Wo Fu Man 01
2023-007xx
in space
Small satellite with an infrared detector, unclear whether it's for Earth observation or for astronomy.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
estimated orbit68670.001048249694.3997.3828310:21
CZ 2D second stage
uncatalogued
Re-entered - 2023 Jan 15
Life <1 day
Launched fourteen small satellites. Caused to re-enter after releasing satellites.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2023-008
Falcon Heavy
Kennedy Space Center
2023 Jan 15, 22:56
USA 342 (Continuous Broadcast Augmenting SATCOM 2, CBAS 2)
2023-008A
55263
in space
Primary payload of the USSF-67 mission. US military comsat to supplement the fixed comsat network and provide specialised comms to US armed forces in the field. Separated from launch vehicle Jan 16, ~05:00 UTC. Aimed at an unannounced geosynchronous location. The first orbit listed is based on information provided by Space-Track and SpaceX.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2023 Jan 16, 05:00416030.000635199352511407.500.060115° east
2023 Jan 18, 21:30416350.000235248352651409.110.05262130° east
LDPE 3A (Long Duration Propulsive Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle Secondary Payload Adapter)
2023-008B
55264
in space
Secondary satellite carried on the USSF-67 mission. Platform built by Northrop Grumman carrying five USSF payloads and possible payloads from other US government/military agencies. Payloads include two small satellites - WASSAT and Catcher. Separated from launch vehicle Jan 16, ~05:00 UTC.
Geosynchronous Drift Orbit - parameters awaited
Falcon 9 third stage
2023-008C
55265
in space
Launched USSF-67 mission.
Geosynchronous Drift Orbit - parameters awaited


2023-009
Falcon 9 Block 5
Cape Canaveral Space Force Station
2023 Jan 18, 12:24
USA 343 (GPS IIIA SV06)
2023-009A
55268
in space
Block 3 GPS Navsat. Released from launch vehicle at 13:53 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 18, 15:07166550.593639120162356.5155.01270
Falcon 9 second stage
uncatalogued
in space
Launched USA 343. Caused to re-enter after releasing satellite, about seven hours or 1.5 circuits of the Earth.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2023-010
Falcon 9 Block 5
Vandenberg Space Force Base
2023 Jan 19, 15:43
Starlink 5277
2023-010A
55269
in space
One member of a simultaneously-launched cluster of fifty one LEO Broadband communications satellites from SpaceX aimed ultimately at 550 km altitude. Released from launch vehicle at 16:13 UTC.

All satellites were injected initially into similar orbits at 200-300 km altitude.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 24, 16:0066680.003926431690.3270.00164
Falcon 9 second stage
uncatalogued
in space
Launched fifty one Starlink satellites. Caused to re-enter after releasing satellites
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2023-011
Electron
Wallops Flight Facility
2023 Jan 24, 23:00
Hawk 6A
2023-011A
55324
in space
SIGINT (signals intelligence satellite) to map radio transmissions worldwide. This is a private programme where SIGINT is usually a military/government activity. Separated from launch vehicle at 23:57 UTC. Catalogue Number and Designation to be confirmed.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 25, 10:3269290.000354955395.6740.51253
Hawk 6B
2023-011B
55325
in space
SIGINT (signals intelligence satellite) to map radio transmissions worldwide. This is a private programme where SIGINT is usually a military/government activity. Separated from launch vehicle at 23:57 UTC. Catalogue Number and Designation to be confirmed.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 25, 10:3069290.000254955295.6640.51196
Hawk 6C
2023-011C
55326
in space
SIGINT (signals intelligence satellite) to map radio transmissions worldwide. This is a private programme where SIGINT is usually a military/government activity. Separated from launch vehicle at 23:57 UTC. Catalogue Number and Designation to be confirmed.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 25, 10:2969280.000155055195.6540.51212
Electron kick stage
2023-011D
55327
in space
Launched 3x Hawk satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 25, 10:2969280.000354755295.6440.51220
Electron second stage
2023-011E
55328
in space
Launched 3x Hawk satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2023 Jan 25, 10:1468220.017432556393.4640.53125


2023-012
H-IIA (F-46)
Tanegashima Space Centre
2023 Jan 26, 01:49
IGS 15 (IGS Radar 7)
2023-012A
in space
Information Gathering Satellite - Japanese government/military radar imaging reconnaissance satellite. Aimed at ~500 kilometres, ~97°.5 inclination sun-synchronous orbit with LTDN ~10:30.
Orbit classified as 'Secret' - data withheld
H-IIA upper stage
2023-012B
in space
Launched IGS 15.
Orbit classified as 'Secret' - data withheld


2023-013
Falcon 9 Block 5
Cape Canaveral Space Force Station
2023 Jan 26, 09:32
Starlink
2023-013A
in space
One member of a simultaneously-launched cluster of fifty six LEO Broadband communications satellites from SpaceX aimed ultimately at 550 km altitude. Released from launch vehicle at 09:50 UTC.

All satellites were injected initially into similar orbits at 200-300 km altitude.
Orbit parameters awaited
Falcon 9 second stage
uncatalogued
Re-entered - 2023 Jan 26
Life <1 day
Launched fifty six Starlink satellites. Caused to re-enter after releasing satellites
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


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