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Iran


Tyneside, UK
2022 Aug 15
Monday, Day 227

Curated by:











Iran in Orbit

The list covers all of Iran's satellites that have been sent towards orbit using an indigenous launching rocket.

A mid-2008 launch. claimed by Iran to have been a success, may have been a failed attempt to orbit Omid or might genuinely have been a launch vehicle final test before the actual Omid launch. The weight of evidence is towards the former so the launch probably represents Iran's first attempt at orbit.

In addition to the launches listed here, a Safir rocket was destroyed by an on-pad explosion around 2019 August 29. There is no evidence that it occurred as the result of a launch attempt. Rather, the event occurred during preparations for launch of the Nahid satellite. For that reason it does not appear in the list.


2008-F02 - failed to reach orbit
Safir 1
Ayatollah Khomeini SC
2008 Aug 17,   18:30 UTC
Omid?
Described by Iran as a dummy payload not destined for orbit but may have been the first attempt to launch Omid, a comms test satellite. Destroyed when launch vehicle reportedly exploded soon after lift-off.


2009-004
Safir 1
Ayatollah Khomeini SC
2009 Feb 2,   18:34 UTC
Omid (Hope)
2009-004A
33506
Re-entered - 2009 Apr 25
Life 82 days
Demonstration satellite reportedly including 'store and forward' payload to test up and down comms links. Success reported two days after launch. Mass 27.270 kg and powered by onboard batteries which became exhausted around Feb 20. Iran stated that it ceased to operate at the time it re-entered.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2009 Feb 02, 21:0666900.010424338290.7755.52152


2011-025
Safir 1
Ayatollah Khomeini SC
2011 Jun 15,   09:15 UTC
Rasad 1 (Observation 1)
2011-025A
37675
Re-entered - 2011 Jul 6
Life 21 days
15.3 kg microsatellite reportedly for Earth imaging with 200m resolution but imagery results not published. Equipped with gravity-gradient stabilisation boom. The launch time is an estimate ±1 minute. Indications were initially that Rasad might be launched as a dual payload with the larger, 50 kg, Fajr 1 satellite. Iran indicated testing delays with Fajr 1 so the dual launch may have been taken off the schedule.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2011 Jun 15, 19:1466450.003524429189.8555.6881


2012-005
Safir 1-B
Ayatollah Khomeini SC
2012 Feb 3,   00:04 UTC
Navid (Navid-e-Elm va Sana't)
2012-005A
38075
Re-entered - 2012 Apr 1
Life 58 days
Imaging satellite with 400m resolution. The mass is 50kg. Intended orbit announced in advance as 250 x 375 km, 55° inclination. Early reports said the design may include an onboard thruster to circularise the orbit at 375 km but this now seems unlikely. The full name means 'Promise of Science and Industry'. February 8, Navid reportedly returned its first image.Launch time is an estimate but should be within ±1 minute, re-entered naturally 2012 Apr 1 19:09 UTC ±2 min.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2012 Feb 03, 19:3467030.007427637491.0356.02133


2015-006
Safir 1-B
Ayatollah Khomeini SC
2015 Feb 2,   08:49 UTC
Fajr
2015-006A
40387
Re-entered - 2015 Feb 26
Life 24 days
Reportedly an electronic intelligence gathering (ELINT) satellite. Described by Iran as having an orbit adjustment thruster but there is no evidence of it being used. Project was subject to significant delays.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2015 Feb 02, 21:0667240.018122446891.4555.54163


2017-F04 - failed to reach orbit
Simorgh
Ayatollah Khomeini SC
2017 Jul 27,   09:30 UTC
Dummy payload?
Orbital test flight of the Simorgh rocket. Second stage failed.


2019-F01 - failed to reach orbit
Simorgh
Ayatollah Khomeini SC
2019 Jan 15 UTC
Payam
Imaging and message relay satellite aimed at 500 km, 54° inclination but a problem with the launch vehicle upper stage prevented it reaching orbit.


2019-F02 - failed to reach orbit
Safir 1-B
Ayatollah Khomeini SC
2019 Feb 5 UTC
Dousti
Earth imaging satellite aimed at 500 km, 54° orbit. Launch vehicle failed about two minutes after lift-off.


2020-F01 - failed to reach orbit
Simorgh
Ayatollah Khomeini SC
2020 Feb 9,   15:48 UTC
Zafar (Victory)
Imaging remote sensing satellite for monitoring natural resources, agricultural and environmental developments. Also carried low-bandwidth comms and messaging system. Aimed at 540 km orbit but lost when the launch vehicle failed to impart sufficient velocity. Re-entered over Indian Ocean.


2020-024
Qased (Messenger)
Shahroud Test Centre, Dasht-e Kavir, Iran
2020 Apr 22,   03:58 UTC
Nour 1 (Light 1)
2020-024A
45529
in space
6U Cubesat - military satellite launched by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps, probably for low resolution Earth imaging.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Apr 23, 06:1168100.000742643693.2059.81232
Qased upper stage
2020-024B
45530
in space
Launched Nour 1.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Apr 23, 07:2568140.001342744593.2959.80213


2021-F03 - failed to reach orbit
Simorgh
Ayatollah Khomeini SC
2021 Jun 12 UTC
Unidentified satellite
Lost when launch failed. Launch was reported by US Government but denied by Iran.


2021-Q01
Simorgh
Ayatollah Khomeini SC
2021 Dec 30,   03:30 UTC
Unknown payloads (x3)
Re-entered - 2021 Dec 30
Life <1 day
Carried by Simorgh. Iranian launch information is unclear over whether they were intended to reach orbit - may have been used to evaluate launch vehicle performance. Re-entered, together with the upper stage, probably above the eastern Indian Ocean near Australia. Ground track probably followed that of a launch to about 55° inclination.


2022-024
Qased (Messenger)
Shahroud Test Centre, Dasht-e Kavir, Iran
2022 Mar 8,   05:06 UTC
Nour 2 (Light 2)
2022-024A
51954
in space
6U Cubesat - military satellite launched by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps, probably for low resolution Earth imaging - purpose was announced as "reconnaissance".

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Mar 08, 15:3668820.001349551394.7058.30238
Qased upper stage
2022-024B
51955
in space
Launched Nour 2.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2022 Mar 08, 15:3668810.001049650994.6758.30248




Page published: 2012 Feb 11
Subject to continual updates

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